Sharif University of TechnologyScientia Iranica1026-309824620171201Adaptive mesh-free lower bound limit analysis using non-linear programming27932802416310.24200/sci.2017.4163ENSeyed Mohammad BineshCivil and Environmental Eng
ineering
Dep
artment
, Shiraz University of
Technology, Shiraz, IranS. RasekhCivil and Environmental Engineering Department, Shiraz University of
Technology, Shiraz, IranJournal Article20151223An adaptive mesh-free approach is developed to compute the lower bounds of limit loads in plane strain soil mechanics problems. There is no pre-defined connectivity between nodes in the mesh-free techniques and this property facilitates the implementation of h-adaptivity. Nodes may be added, moved or discarded without complex changes in the data structures involved. In this regard, the Shepard mesh-free method is used in conjunction with the nodal stress rate smoothing technique and the lower bound limit analysis theory to establish a non-linear optimization problem. This problem is solved by second order cone programming technique and the result is a stress field that satisfied the lower bound requirements in non-rigorous manner. The lack of rigorousness arises from relaxation during nodal stress rate smoothing process. An error estimator is introduced by the application of Taylor series expansion and, by controlling the local error via a user-defined tolerance, the adaptive refinement strategy has been established. To demonstrate the effectiveness of proposed method, the procedure is applied to the examples of purely cohesive and cohesive-frictional soils.http://scientiairanica.sharif.edu/article_4163_1f834856a89be71751ad51fe393f6d11.pdf