TY - JOUR
ID - 3678
TI - Numerical Study of Magneto-Convection inside an Enclosure using Enhanced Stream Function-Vorticity Formulation
JO - Scientia Iranica
JA - SCI
LA - en
SN - 1026-3098
AU - Taghikhani, M.A.
AD - Department of Engineering, Imam Khomeini International University, Qazvin, Iran
Y1 - 2015
PY - 2015
VL - 22
IS - 3
SP - 854
EP - 864
KW - free convection
KW - magneto-hydrodynamics (MHD)
KW - Stream Function
KW - vorticity
KW - MATLAB POICALC Function
KW - BiCGSTAB
DO -
N2 - The buoyancy-driven magneto-hydrodynamic flow is investigated using a two-dimensional numerical simulation in a filled square enclosure, which is heated by a uniform volumetric heat density. The top and bottom walls of the enclosure are adiabatic and the side walls have constant temperature. A fixed magnetic field is applied in the direction normal to the left side wall of the enclosure. The stationary dimensionless governing equations are solved numerically for the stream function, vorticity and temperature, with finite difference method, using MATLAB software. The Prandtl (Pr) number of the fluid is assumed to be 0.733; the Rayleigh (Ra) number is made to vary from 104 to 107 and the Hartmann (Ha) number between 0 and 103. The stream function equation is solved using fast Poisson's equation solver on a rectangular grid (POICALC function in MATLAB) vorticity, and temperature equations are solved using the red-black Gauss-Seidel and bi-conjugate gradient stabilized (BiCGSTAB) methods, respectively. The proposed method is fast, and there is no need for the variables under-relaxation. It is interesting to know that convergence of this method is superior to other segregated algorithms. The ratio of the Lorentz force to the buoyancy force (Ha2Ra) is introduced as an index, to compare the contribution of natural convection with magnetic field strength on heat transfer.
UR - http://scientiairanica.sharif.edu/article_3678.html
L1 - http://scientiairanica.sharif.edu/article_3678_34645bcf82a82c71c88d60b49361b09b.pdf
ER -