Sharif University of Technology
Scientia Iranica
1026-3098
2345-3605
24
3
2017
06
01
On the orientation dynamics and viscoelasticity of Brownian rigid disklike particles suspended in a shear flow
1027
1171
EN
A.
Moosaie
Turbulence Research Laboratory, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Yasouj University, Yasouj, P.O. Box 75914-353, Iran.
10.24200/sci.2017.4086
In this paper, numerical simulations are employed to study the orientation behavior of a dilute suspension of Brownian rigid disklike particles in a simple shear flow. Also, the viscoelasticity of such a suspension is analyzed by considering the stress budget of the two-phase material. A direct Monte-Carlo simulator as well as the moment approximation approaches with two dierent closure models are used to produce the data.Results are compared by available experimental and analytical data, and a very good agreement is established. After the validation of the simulators, the results are presented and discussed. Different Peclet numbers and shape factors of particles are considered and their effects on various quantities are presented, e.g. particle orientations in space, viscous and elastic contributions to the non-Newtonian stress tensor, etc.
Dilute suspension,Rigid disklike particle,Direct Monte-Carlo simulation,Moment approximation,Moment closure model,Brownian motion
http://scientiairanica.sharif.edu/article_4086.html
http://scientiairanica.sharif.edu/article_4086_f2bff903af9a658f8339f500d4618cd2.pdf
Sharif University of Technology
Scientia Iranica
1026-3098
2345-3605
24
3
2017
06
01
Feasibility study of a water-to-air heat pipe based heat exchanger for cooling load reduction and energy saving in the office buildings: A simulation study
1040
1050
EN
M.
Ahmadzadehtalatapeh
Department of Marine & Mechanical Engineering, Chabahar Maritime University, Chabahar, 99717-56499, Iran
10.24200/sci.2017.4087
In the present investigation, the feasibility of cooling load and power consumption effect of a water-to-air heat pipe based heat exchanger (HPHX) on an office building was studied. An oce building in Chabahar Maritime University, in southeast region of Iran, which is considered as a high cooling load demanding region, was chosen as the case study. The present research uses the TRNSYS software to investigate the hourly responses of the existing system added with the water-to-air HPHXs in terms of indoor air conditions and monthly power consumption. The eect of added water-to-air HPHXs on the system was determined, and the results were compared with the existing situation. Water-to-air HPHXs with two, four, and six numbers of rows were examined to recommend the most appropriate conguration for the system. According to the simulation ndings, the existing system with the added six-row water-to-air HPHX is capable of establishing the convenient air into the office space. Moreover, it was shown that by implementation of the six-row water-to-air HPHX, a total amount of 3,108.57 kWh power, which is about 42%, could be saved in a year.
energy consumption,Water-to-air heat pipe based heat exchanger,Indoor air,TRNSYS
http://scientiairanica.sharif.edu/article_4087.html
http://scientiairanica.sharif.edu/article_4087_6a5aa5e4074d2ac545779b9ef0740171.pdf
Sharif University of Technology
Scientia Iranica
1026-3098
2345-3605
24
3
2017
06
01
Chaotic behaviors of a ground vehicle oscillating system with passengers
1051
1068
EN
J.
Fakhraei
Department of Mechanical Engineering, Isfahan University of Technology, Isfahan, P.O. Box 84156-83111, Iran.
j_fakhraee@yahoo.com
H.M.
Khanlo
Department of Aerospace Engineering, Shahid Sattari Aeronautical University of Science and Technology, Tehran, P.O. Box
13846-63113, Iran.
M.
Ghayour
Department of Mechanical Engineering, Isfahan University of Technology, Isfahan, P.O. Box 84156-83111, Iran
10.24200/sci.2017.4088
In this paper, some considerations regarding a ground vehicle oscillating system based on chaotic behaviors are studied. The vehicle system is modeled as a full nonlinear seven-degree freedom with an additional degree of freedom for each passenger. Roughness of the road surface is considered as sinusoidal waveforms with time delays for the tires. The governing dierential equations are extracted under Newton-Euler laws andsolved via numerical methods. The dynamic behavior of the system is investigated by special nonlinear techniques such as bifurcation diagram, time series, phase plane portrait, power spectrum, Poincare section, and maximum Lyapunov exponents. The time delays between the tires are used as a control parameter. First, the vehicle behavior is investigated and the chaotic regions are detected. Then, the damping and stiness coecients are used to return to the regular behavior. Results show that by changing the system parameters andselecting the appropriate values, one can minimize vibrations as well as eliminate chaotic behavior. The comparison of the results obtained from the proposed model and those from the vehicle without passengers show the great dierences in the dynamic behaviors of the two models.
dynamic behavior,Chaotic,Time delay,Vehicle,bifurcation
http://scientiairanica.sharif.edu/article_4088.html
http://scientiairanica.sharif.edu/article_4088_711f1351e48d52eb2767468bb317da74.pdf
Sharif University of Technology
Scientia Iranica
1026-3098
2345-3605
24
3
2017
06
01
Effect of wind tunnel wall porosity on the flow around an oscillating airfoil at transonic speeds
1069
1076
EN
A.
Golestani
Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Tabriz, Tabriz, Iran
M.R.
Soltani
Department of Aerospace Engineering, Sharif University of Technology, Tehran, Iran
M.
Masdari
Department of New Science and Technology, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran.
10.24200/sci.2017.4089
The effect of porosity in oscillating situations (to the authors' knowledge, for the rst time) on a supercritical airfoil (SC0410) has been experimentally investigated. Tests have been carried out in an open circuit suction-type wind tunnel at a free stream Mach number of M = 0:80. Both static and dynamic (pitching) tests have been carried out on the mentioned airfoil. The oscillation frequency for the unsteady tests has been setto 3 and 6 Hz. The amplitude of frequency is 1 deg. The effect of porosity has been surveyed on the magnitude of pressure uctuations, phase shift, and lift coecient loop. The investigations show that increasing porosity in the test section of transonic regime, contrary to the impression, does not necessarily improve results.
Supercritical,Oscillating,porosity,Transonic,Experimental
http://scientiairanica.sharif.edu/article_4089.html
http://scientiairanica.sharif.edu/article_4089_7a9a03c185025d93cf97301c82590880.pdf
Sharif University of Technology
Scientia Iranica
1026-3098
2345-3605
24
3
2017
06
01
The size-dependent electromechanical instability of double-sided and paddle-type actuators in centrifugal and Casimir force fields
1077
1090
EN
J.
Mokhtari
Department of Mathematics, Isfahan (Khorasgan) Branch, Islamic Azad University, Isfahan, Iran
M.
Farahani
Department of Aerospace Engineering, Sharif University of Technology, Tehran, P.O. Box 11365-11155, Iran
pdkgjeqy@scientiaunknown.non
A.
Kanani
Ionizing and Non-Ionizing Radiation Protection Research Center, Paramedical Sciences School, Shiraz University of Medical
Sciences, Shiraz, Iran
R.
Rach
The George Adomian Center for Applied Mathematics, 316 South Maple Street, Hartford, Michigan 49057-1225, USA.
M.
Keivani
Department of Radiology, Shahrekord University of Medical Sciences, Shahrekord, Iran
M.
Abadyan
Department of Engineering, Shahrekord Branch, Islamic Azad University, Shahrekord, Iran
10.24200/sci.2017.4090
The present research is devoted to theoretical study of the pull-in performance of double-sided and paddle-type NEMS actuators fabricated from cylindrical nanowire operating in the Casimir regime and in the presence of the centrifugal force. D'Alembert's principle was used to transform the angular velocity into an equivalent static, centrifugal force. Using the couple stress theory, the constitutive equations of the actuators were derived. The equivalent boundary condition technique was applied to obtain the governing equation of the paddle-type actuator. Three distinct approaches, the Duan-Adomian Method (DAM), Finite Dierence Method (FDM), and Lumped Parameter Model (LPM), were applied to solve the equation of motion of these two actuators. This study demonstrates the influence of various parameters, i.e., the Casimir force, geometriccharacteristics, and the angular speed, on the pull-in performance.
Double-sided nanoactuator,Paddle-type nanoactuator,Angular speed,Cylindrical nanowire,Size henomenon,Casimir regime
http://scientiairanica.sharif.edu/article_4090.html
http://scientiairanica.sharif.edu/article_4090_368ac7d3c60fad39a5b29437f2d8a445.pdf
Sharif University of Technology
Scientia Iranica
1026-3098
2345-3605
24
3
2017
06
01
Effects of particle shape and size distribution on particle size-dependent flow strengthening in metal matrix composites
1091
1099
EN
S.
Soleymani Shishvan
Faculty of Civil Engineering, University of Tabriz, Tabriz, P.O. Box 51666-16471, Iran
A.-H.
Asghari
Faculty of Civil Engineering, University of Tabriz, Tabriz, P.O. Box 51666-16471, Iran
10.24200/sci.2017.4091
Effects of particle size on metal matrix composites are studied within the Continuum theory of Mechanism-based Strain Gradient (CMSG) plasticity. This theory has been quite successful in predicting the size-dependent plastic behavior in a wide variety of problems. Two-dimensional (plane-strain) analyses carried out on the composite unit cell models with multi-particles of circular shape show that the flow stress of the composites increases by decreasing particle size with high sensitivity to small particle size. The numerical results are in good agreement with experimental data. Subsequently, the effects of particle shape, orientation, and size distributions on the behavior of composites are investigated. Analyses are carried out on the composites containing squared, rectangular, and elliptical (with aspect ratio of four) particles of various orientations with respect to the loading direction (i.e., vertical, horizontal, and 45 degree inclined directions). The stress inhomogeneity in the matrix, the overall stress-strain curve, and the maximum principle stress in the particles of composites with non-circular particles are investigated and compared with those obtained for the composites containing circular particles. The effects of particle size distribution on the behavior of composites are also addressed.
Particle-reinforced composites,mechanical properties,Plastic deformation,modeling
http://scientiairanica.sharif.edu/article_4091.html
http://scientiairanica.sharif.edu/article_4091_9561464c249b743d5af11d5ace1981de.pdf
Sharif University of Technology
Scientia Iranica
1026-3098
2345-3605
24
3
2017
06
01
A reliable implicit difference scheme for treatments of fourth-order fractional sub-diffusion equation
1100
1107
EN
K.
Sayevand
Faculty of Mathematical Sciences, Malayer University, Malayer, P.O. Box 16846-13114, Iran.
ksayehvand@malayeru.ac.ir
F.
Arjang
Faculty of Mathematical Sciences, Malayer University, Malayer, P.O. Box 16846-13114, Iran.
fateme.arjang@stu.malayeru.ac.ir
10.24200/sci.2017.4092
In this paper, a reliable implicit dierence scheme is proposed to analyze the fractional fourth-order subdiusion equation on a bounded domain. The time-fractional derivative operator is characterized in the Ji Huan He's sense, and the space derivative is approximated by the ve-point centered formula. The numerical parameters, i.e. consistency, stability, and convergence analyses of the considered scheme, are proven.
Ji Huan He'sn fractional derivative,Convergence,Finite difference approximation,fractional differential equations,stability
http://scientiairanica.sharif.edu/article_4092.html
http://scientiairanica.sharif.edu/article_4092_c32973e9f2b7053ec2b6eacd29a69d1c.pdf
Sharif University of Technology
Scientia Iranica
1026-3098
2345-3605
24
3
2017
06
01
Effect of alternating magnetic field on unsteady MHD mixed convection and entropy generation of ferro fluid in a linearly heated two-sided cavity
1108
1125
EN
O.
Ghaffarpasand
Department of Physics, University of Isfahan, Isfahan, 81746, Iran
10.24200/sci.2017.4093
This work considers the numerical study of unsteady MHD convection of cobalt-kerosene ferro fluid in a linearly heated two-sided cavity and in the presence of constant and alternating magnetic elds. An accurate nite volume method is adapted to solve the governing equations for this problem. The fluid flow and heat transfercharacteristics are studied for a wide range of Richardson numbers (0:01 Ri 10) and Hartmann numbers (0 Ha 100). The volumetric fraction of nanoscale ferromagnetic particles in ferro fluid also varies between 0:0 0:2, while the size of those nanoparticles is fixed at 45 nm. In addition, different alternating magnetic fields with various periods and phase deviations are utilized to study the effect of time-periodic magnetic field on the flow characteristics and heat transfer. The entropy generation and Bejan number are also evaluated to study the eect of key parameters and temporal variation of magnetic field on various fluid irreversibilities. The results show that applying time-periodic magnetic field has remarkably influenced the fluid characteristics, the fluid irreversibilities, and heat transfer within the cavity. Meanwhile, the influence of phase deviation on heat transfer seems to be insignicant.
MHD mixed convection,Ferro fluid,Two-sided cavity,Linearly heating,Time-periodic magnetic field
http://scientiairanica.sharif.edu/article_4093.html
http://scientiairanica.sharif.edu/article_4093_a6b5d9bd363897e6e2838136fe628de1.pdf
Sharif University of Technology
Scientia Iranica
1026-3098
2345-3605
24
3
2017
06
01
Experimental and numerical study on the effect of aluminum foil wrapping on penetration resistance of ceramic tiles
1126
1135
EN
H.
Mazaheri
Department of Mechanical Engineering, Bu-Ali Sina University, Hamedan, Iran
R.
Naghdabadi
Department of Mechanical Engineering, Sharif University of Technology, Tehran, Iran
J.
Arghavani
. Department of Mechanical Engineering, Sharif University of Technology, Tehran, Iran.
10.24200/sci.2017.4094
In this work, energy absorption of ceramic tiles wrapped by aluminum foil on its impact face is experimentally and numerically studied. Penetration tests as well as numerical simulations are employed to obtain Ballistic Limit Velocity (BLV) of the tiles. Experimental and numerical results yield BLV of bare tiles as 145 2 and 141.5 m/s, respectively. For the wrapped tiles, these values are increased to 168 2 and 162 m/s, respectively. Therefore, 13% increase in BLV of the ceramic tiles is obtained by just 2.4% increase in its weight. Moreover, it is shown that energy absorption of the wrapped tiles is at least 11% greater than that of the bare ones. Based on the results, the increase in BLV and energy absorption is due to the increase in the fracture conoid angle which postpones crack propagation to the back plate.
Penetration test,Wrapped ceramic tile,Aluminum foil,Ballistic limit velocity,energy absorption
http://scientiairanica.sharif.edu/article_4094.html
http://scientiairanica.sharif.edu/article_4094_9823b7e7ff59ee62c45fece5027da9f9.pdf
Sharif University of Technology
Scientia Iranica
1026-3098
2345-3605
24
3
2017
06
01
Various types of ceramics used in radome: A review
1136
1147
EN
M.
Saeedi Heydari
Young Researchers and Elite Club, South Tehran Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, P.O. Box: 4435/11365, Iran
J.
Ghezavati
Young Researchers and Elite Club, Bonab Branch, Islamic Azad University, Bonab, Iran.
M.
Abbasgholipour
Department of Mechanical Engineering, Bonab Branch, Islamic Azad University, Bonab, P.O. Box: 55518/134, Iran
B.
Mohammadi Alasti
Department of Mechanical Engineering, Bonab Branch, Islamic Azad University, Bonab, P.O. Box: 55518/134, Iran
10.24200/sci.2017.4095
Advanced tactical missiles need radomes of higher strength capable of withstanding higher velocities and temperatures and longer flight durations. Radomes must be stable at temperature above 1400C and must have a low and steady thermal dielectric constant, low thermal expansion coecient, high resistance to thermal shock, high stiness and strength, high chemical stability, and high resistance against moisture. Silicon nitride, in comparison with other materials used in the fabrication of radomes (e.g., fused Silica, pyroceramics, etc.), enjoys superior properties, and it can also be used at flight speeds higher than Mach 7. In this paper, various types of raw materials used in the fabrication of radomes have been investigated.
Radome,Silicon nitride,dielectric constant,Strength
http://scientiairanica.sharif.edu/article_4095.html
http://scientiairanica.sharif.edu/article_4095_858927e7b92549901dceabfb656b5389.pdf
Sharif University of Technology
Scientia Iranica
1026-3098
2345-3605
24
3
2017
06
01
Application of Petrov-Galerkin finite element method to shallow water waves model: Modified Korteweg-de Vries equation
1148
1159
EN
T.
Ak
Department of Transportation Engineering, Yalova University, 77100 Yalova, Turkey
S.B.G.
Karakoc
Department of Mathematics, Nevsehir Haci Bektas Veli University, 50300 Nevsehir, Turkey.
A.
Biswas
Department of Mathematical Sciences, Delaware State University, Dover, DE 19901-2277, USA.
biswas.anjan@gmail.com
10.24200/sci.2017.4096
In this article, modied Korteweg-de Vries (mKdV) equation is solved numerically by using lumped Petrov-Galerkin approach, where weight functions are quadratic and the element shape functions are cubic B-splines. The proposed numerical scheme is tested by applying four test problems including single solitary wave, interaction of two and three solitary waves, and evolution of solitons with the Gaussian initial condition.In order to show the performance of the algorithm, the error norms, L2, L1, and a couple of conserved quantities are computed. For the linear stability analysis of numerical algorithm, Fourier method is also investigated. As a result, the computed results show that the presented numerical scheme is a successful numerical technique for solving the mKdV equation. Therefore, the presented method is preferable to some recent numerical methods.
Modified KdV equation,Petrov-Galerkin method,Shallow Water,Solitary waves,soliton
http://scientiairanica.sharif.edu/article_4096.html
http://scientiairanica.sharif.edu/article_4096_e293bc8a63cb5af18bda0924b3a66ea1.pdf
Sharif University of Technology
Scientia Iranica
1026-3098
2345-3605
24
3
2017
06
01
Numerical simulation of the effect of visitor's movement on bacteria-carrying particles distribution in hospital isolation room
1160
1170
EN
J.
Eslami
Department of Mechanical Engineering, Amirkabir University of Technology, 424 Hafez Ave., Tehran, P.O. Box 15916-34311,
Iran
A.
Abbassi
Department of Mechanical Engineering, Amirkabir University of Technology, 424 Hafez Ave., Tehran, P.O. Box 15916-34311,
Iran.
M.H.
Saidi
Center of Excellence in Energy Conversion (CEEC), School of Mechanical Engineering, Sharif University of Technology, Azadi
Ave, Tehran, P.O. Box 11155-9567, Iran
10.24200/sci.2017.4097
The aim of this paper is to simulate numerically the air flow induced by a walking visitor and its effects on the contaminant transport and ventilation system effectiveness. To this end, the following models will be used in this study: the Lagrangian Discrete Random Walk (DRW) model to trace the motion of BCPs, the dynamic mesh method to simulate the visitor movement, and the Reynolds Averaged Navier-Stokes (RANS) model to solve the air flow. The validation results of the numerical method are in full agreement with the available experimental data in the literature. The findings of the present study indicate that the visitor's movement has remarkable eect on the basic air flow, and the increase of the visitor moving speed can decrease the risk of infection in the AIIR. It is also found that the concentration of BCPs in the back of visitor exceeds10 cfu/m3, and the small distance between the patient and visitor has a negative impact on increasing the BCPs infection of the patient in AIIR. At the same time, it is observed that the effect of walking speed on the ventilation effectiveness index is not remarkable.
Isolation room,Visitor walking,Bacteria transport,Dynamic mesh,Ventilation effectiveness
http://scientiairanica.sharif.edu/article_4097.html
http://scientiairanica.sharif.edu/article_4097_28083fb82566825d5ed3279891b604cf.pdf
Sharif University of Technology
Scientia Iranica
1026-3098
2345-3605
24
3
2017
06
01
A new technique of the first and second limits" for wagon maintenance in railway tracks consisting of sharp curves based on the empirical study of wheel wear
1171
1180
EN
S.M.
Salehi
School of Mechanical Engineering, Sharif University of Technology, Tehran, Iran
G.H.
Farrahi
School of Mechanical Engineering, Sharif University of Technology, Tehran, Iran
S.
Sohrabpour
School of Mechanical Engineering, Sharif University of Technology, Tehran, Iran.
10.24200/sci.2017.4098
Wheel wear is one of the major costs in railway tracks consisting of sharp curves. In this paper, wear behavior of S1002 proles of wheels in the Southern Line" of Iran's railway, which consists of a large number of distinct and/or consecutive sharp curves, is studied using the field data measuring technique. Based on wear behavior analysis of all wheels, an optimal wagon maintenance technique called the first and second limits" is suggested to minimize the wagon's cost per traveled distance. The results show that:1) A severe wheel flange wear occurs for all wheels in comparison to the wheel tread wear in normal tracks; 2) A wagon's detachment for repair of critical wheels on its four axles occurs at the traveled distances of 40,000 km, 54000 km, 71000 km, and 75000 km, respectively (much less than the normal traveled distance of 500,000 km); 3) A fifth order polynomial function can be appropriated to represent the wear behavior of the wheels;4) By implementing the suggested technique, the cost per traveled distance decreases by 38.64%, and the travelled distance increases by 45%.
Wheel wear,Maintenance technique,sharp curves,Empirical study,Wheel longevity enhancement,Wheel flange wear behavior,Wagon's maintenance cost enhancement
http://scientiairanica.sharif.edu/article_4098.html
http://scientiairanica.sharif.edu/article_4098_61cb7727b18e1f818b02572664293f3a.pdf