Sharif University of Technology
Scientia Iranica
1026-3098
2345-3605
24
1
2017
02
01
Hydro-magnetic mixed convection in a lid-driven cavity with partially thermally active walls
153
163
EN
S.
Sivasankaran
Institute of Mathematical Sciences, University of Malaya, Kuala Lumpur 50603, Malaysia
sd.siva@yahoo.com
A.
Malleswaran
Department of Mathematics, VSS Government Arts College, Poolankurichi 630405, Sivagangai, Tamilnadu, India
M.
Bhuvaneswari
Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Malaya, Kuala Lumpur 50603, Malaysia
Poo
Balan
Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Malaya, Kuala Lumpur 50603, Malaysia
10.24200/sci.2017.4022
A numerical analysis has been made on mixed convection in a lid-driven square cavity when both vertical sidewalls are partially heated and cooled in the presence of uniform magnetic field. Three parallel locations and two dissimilar locations for heating and cooling on left and right sidewalls are considered. The top and bottom walls with the remaining locations free from heating and cooling on both vertical sidewalls are considered to be adiabatic. The governing equations are solved by the finite volume method. The resulting effects on combined convection flow and heat transfer for different heating and cooling locations are exhibited graphically for the variations of the Richardson and Hartmann numbers. The average heat transfer rate enhances in the similar locations than dissimilar locations
mixed convection,magnetic field,Lid-driven cavity,Partially active walls
http://scientiairanica.sharif.edu/article_4022.html
http://scientiairanica.sharif.edu/article_4022_4c02163d61a0e092d1b0b0519dd23f4e.pdf
Sharif University of Technology
Scientia Iranica
1026-3098
2345-3605
24
1
2017
02
01
Ground Motion Prediction Equation for Inelastic Spectral Displacement in Iran
164
182
EN
Nemat
Hassani
Shahid Beheshti University
hassani@pwut.ac.ir
Golamreza
Ghodrati Amiri
Iran University of Science & Technology
ghodrati@iust.ac.ir
Majid
Bararnia
Shahid Beheshti University
m_bararnia@sbu.ac.ir
Fereidoon
Sinaeian
Building and Housing Research Center
sinaiean@yahoo.com
10.24200/sci.2017.4023
This paper is devoted to investigate the inelastic displacement spectra compatible to Iran. Owing to inadequacy of code-compliant elastic design spectra to predict structural damage during sever earthquakes, different approaches are proposed to overcome this problem. Inelastic design spectrum is one of the most well-known methods introduced by researchers. In practice, attenuation relationships can be used in probabilistic seismic hazard analysis to obtain the inelastic design spectrum. In this paper a new ground motion prediction equation has been proposed for inelastic spectral displacement. In this regard, 806 horizontal ground motions are utilized with magnitudes ranging from 4 to 7 and epicentral distances less than 200 Km which are obtained from 330 earthquakes in Iran. According to the tectonic condition, Iran zonecan be divided into two parts: Zagrosand Alborz-central Iran. However, three equations have been presented for the whole country zone, Zagros and Alborz-central Iran zones, separately. The main parameters such as earthquake magnitude, site-source distance and site conditions have been related to the inelastic spectral displacement. Based on average shear wave velocity to a depth of 30m, sites have been categorized into three classes. For practical purpose, simplified equations have been proposed to predict inelastic spectral displacements for Iran.
Ground-Motion Prediction Equation,Inelastic Spectrum,Inelastic Displacement,Iran
http://scientiairanica.sharif.edu/article_4023.html
http://scientiairanica.sharif.edu/article_4023_f52293a0482c73b6cc1da31755a3fa9b.pdf
Sharif University of Technology
Scientia Iranica
1026-3098
2345-3605
24
1
2017
02
01
On the solution of a contact problem for a rhombus weakened with a full-strength hole
183
190
EN
Francisco
Criado-Aldeanueva
University of Malaga
fcriado@uma.es
Nana
Odishelidze
J.M.
Sanchez
10.24200/sci.2017.4024
This paper addresses a problem of plane elasticity theory for a doubly connected body whose external boundary is a rhombus with its diagonals lying at the coordinate axes OX and OY . The internal boundary is the required full-strength hole and the symmetric axes are the rhombus diagonals. Absolutely smooth stamps with rectilinear bases are applied to the linear parts of the boundary, and the middle points of these stamps are under the action of concentrated forces, so there are no friction forces between the stamps and the elastic body. The hole boundary is free from external load and the tangential stresses are zero along the entire boundary of the rhombus. Using the methods of complex analysis, the analytical image of Kolosov-Muskhelishvili's complex potentials (characterising an elastic equilibrium of the body), and the equation of an unknown part of the boundary are determined under the condition that the tangential normal stress arising at it takes the constant value. Such holes are called full-strength holes. Numerical analysis are performed and the corresponding graphs are constructed.
plate elasticity theory,complex variable theory,stress state
http://scientiairanica.sharif.edu/article_4024.html
http://scientiairanica.sharif.edu/article_4024_5b4ed397974731640dfc71a0985f1d2e.pdf
Sharif University of Technology
Scientia Iranica
1026-3098
2345-3605
24
1
2017
02
01
Hand acceleration measurement by Kinect for rehabilitation applications
191
201
EN
A.
Mobini
School of Mechanical Engineering, Sharif University of Technology, Tehran, Iran
S.
Behzadipour
School of Mechanical Engineering, Sharif University of Technology, Tehran, Iran
M.
Saadat Foumani
School of Mechanical Engineering, Sharif University of Technology, Tehran, Iran
rqphwrzi@scientiaunknown.non
10.24200/sci.2017.4025
Aordable motion sensors that are recently developed for video gaming have formed a budding line of research in the eld of physical rehabilitation. These sensors have been used in many task-based applications to analyze the patients' status based on their completion of assigned tasks. However, as the accuracy of such sensors is lower than that of the clinical ones, their measured data has had very limited use in quantitative motion analysis to this date. The aim of this article is to determine Kinect's ability and accuracy in calculating higher-order kinematic parameters, such as velocity and acceleration, in hand movements. Four methods, i.e. moving average, Butterworth lter, B-spline, and Kalman lter, were proposed to calculate velocity and acceleration from Kinect's raw position data. The results were experimentally compared with two established motion capture systems, i.e. Vicon and Xsens, to analyze the strengths and weaknesses of each method. The results show that B-spline is the best method for calculating velocity and acceleration from Kinect's position data. Using this method, these parameters can be measured with an acceptable accuracy.
Kinect,Kinematic measurement,Acceleration measurement,Skeleton tracking,Filtering
http://scientiairanica.sharif.edu/article_4025.html
http://scientiairanica.sharif.edu/article_4025_cd1d8c1fb9f45d143ee030a61e98320c.pdf
Sharif University of Technology
Scientia Iranica
1026-3098
2345-3605
24
1
2017
02
01
MHD boundary layer flow of an incompressible upper convected Maxwell fluid by Optimal Homotopy Asymptotic Method.
202
210
EN
Hakeem
Ullah
Abdul Wali Khan University
hakeemullah1@gmail.com
Saeed
Islam
saeed.sns@gmail.com
Ilyas
Khan
ilyaskhanqau@yahoo.com
Sharidan
Bin Shafie
Mehreen
Fiza
ahmadjan524@gmail.com
10.24200/sci.2017.4026
In this article magnetohydrodynamics (MHD) boundary layer flow of an incompressible upper convected Maxwell fluid has been studied.The governing equations has been transform to nonlinear Ordinary differential equation (ODE) by using similarity trabsformation. The mathematical theory of Optimal Homotopy Asymptotic Method (OHAM) is presented and the results obtained by this method is compared with numerical results showing its accuracy. The effect of Hartman and Deborah numbers has been discussed.
OHAM,MHD boundary layer maxwell fuid,upper convected,Nonlinear equations
http://scientiairanica.sharif.edu/article_4026.html
http://scientiairanica.sharif.edu/article_4026_077894aeebe2586123bd250bc79f6dac.pdf
Sharif University of Technology
Scientia Iranica
1026-3098
2345-3605
24
1
2017
02
01
Numerical Simulation of non-Newtonian Nanofluids Flow in Passive Injection Micromixers Using Mixture Model
211
222
EN
Sima
Baheri
University of Tabriz
baheri@tabrizu.ac.ir
Arash
Alizad
University of Tabriz
Reza
Gharraei
Azarbaijan Shahid Madani University
gharraei@azaruniv.ac.ir
10.24200/sci.2017.4027
In this study mixing of laminar non-Newtonian nanofluids in an injection micromixer was studied, numerically. The important and new feature of study is using of non-Newtonian base fluid in nanofluid.The Titanium dioxide/0.5%wt Carboxymethyl Cellulose aqueous solution was used as nanofluid. Mixture model was used for simulation of nanofluid flow inside the micromixer. The governing equations were solved by finite volume method using a FORTRAN code. Also, in this paper new modified successive over relaxation method has been introduced to decrease the computation time, considerably. The results indicated that number of injection flows and using of baffles had significant effect on mixing index. It should be noted that the distance between baffles is an important parameter in mixing.
Non-Newtonian fluid,Nanofluid,injection micromixer,Mixture model,passive micromixer
http://scientiairanica.sharif.edu/article_4027.html
http://scientiairanica.sharif.edu/article_4027_8db2843f7900854d32562a845c0a08fe.pdf
Sharif University of Technology
Scientia Iranica
1026-3098
2345-3605
24
1
2017
02
01
Numerical Assessment of turbulence effect on Forces, Spray parameters, and secondary impact in wedge water entry problem using k-ε method
223
236
EN
Roya
Shademani
Department of Marine Technology, Amirkabir University of Technology, Tehran, Iran
Parviz
Ghadimi
0000-0002-9315-5428
Department of Marine Technology, Amirkabir University of Technology, Tehran, Iran
pghadimi@aut.ac.ir
10.24200/sci.2017.4028
The present paper focuses on the assessment of turbulent effects on the impact force, spray, and secondary impact force of the wedge water entry. For this purpose, a finite element based finite volume method code coupled with volume of fluid has been developed. The k-ε method has also been implemented to model the turbulence effects. The developed code is validated against experimental data with good accordance and is then used to model the water entry of wedges with deadrise angles ranging from 10 to 60 degrees at different velocities of 1 and 2 m/s with laminar and turbulent assumptions. Subsequently, the resulting forces and free surfaces are compared for three critical instances of “Peak”, “Hollow”, and “2nd impact”. It is illustrated that turbulence has negligible effects on the force and free surface in the main water entry process. However, turbulent effects rise up to 14.23% for the secondary impact forces.
Wedge Water entry,free surface,Impact Force,Secondary Impact,Finite volume method,Volume of Fluid
http://scientiairanica.sharif.edu/article_4028.html
http://scientiairanica.sharif.edu/article_4028_e4444b8a2c13a636c6698c289c92921f.pdf
Sharif University of Technology
Scientia Iranica
1026-3098
2345-3605
24
1
2017
02
01
Experimental and theoretical investigation on spray characteristics of bio-ethanol blends using a direct injection system
237
248
EN
Amirreza
Ghahremani
ghahremani1364@yahoo.com
Mojtaba
Jafari
Mohammad
Ahari
Mohammad Hassan
Saidi
Professor
saman@sharif.edu
Ahmad
Hajinezhad
Assistant Professor
Ali Asghar
Mozaffari
Professor
10.24200/sci.2017.4029
In the present work the spray characteristics of bio-ethanol and its blends have been experimentally and theoretically investigated. To have a comprehensive study, the effects of ambient condition and injection pressure on the spray of different blends have been considered. Macroscopic and microscopic characteristics of spray such as tip penetration length, cone angle, projected area, volume, Sauter Mean Diameter (SMD), and Ohnesorge number are investigated precisely. Besides, air entrainment and atomization analysis have been carried out to improve mixture formation process. Using curve fitting and least squares method, theoretical correlations have been suggested in such a way to predict experimental results with the accuracy of 9.9%. To have a good estimation for the calculated parameters, uncertainty analysis has been performed. The results demonstrate enhancing the injection pressure or decreasing the ambient pressure, improve the atomization characteristics of spray. Moreover outcomes of this study indicate, spray tip penetration is enhanced by increasing the injection pressure or bio-ethanol percentage in the blend, while spray cone angle showing opposite behavior.
Bio-Fuel,Mixture Formation,Spray,Visualization, Schlieren
http://scientiairanica.sharif.edu/article_4029.html
http://scientiairanica.sharif.edu/article_4029_bc116787fdcd082165078677fa6f243f.pdf
Sharif University of Technology
Scientia Iranica
1026-3098
2345-3605
24
1
2017
02
01
Developing a finite element beam theory for nanocomposite shape memory polymers with application to sustained release of drugs
249
259
EN
M.
Baghani
assistant professor
baghani@ut.ac.ir
R.
Dolatabadi
M.
Baniassadi
Assistant Professor
10.24200/sci.2017.4030
In this paper, a thermodynamically-consistent constitutive model recently proposed for nanocomposite shape memory polymers (SMPs) is used as a basis for development of SMP beam element in a nite element framework. The beam theory utilized here, is the Euler- Bernoulli beam theory with its basic assumptions. Eects of dierent material as well as the geometric structural parameters e.g., reinforcement (nano/micro-particles) volume fraction, viscosity coecients and external loads are studied on the thermoemchanical responseof the structure in this work. The beam element numerical results are compared to those of 3D nite element modeling, to verify the validity of the beam element formulation andthe assumptions made therein. This beam element provides us a fast and reliable tool in simulation of structures consist of reinforced SMP beams. As an application, the developed nanocomposite SMP beam element could be used for numerical modeling of thermechanical response of the drugs (e.g., theophylline) coated by lms of SMP nanocomposites. It is shown that the numerical results are in correspondence with those of experiments reported for sustained release of SMP-nanocomposite based drugs.
Shape memory polymers,nite element,Smart beam,Euler-Bernoulli beam theory,nano/micro reinforcement
http://scientiairanica.sharif.edu/article_4030.html
http://scientiairanica.sharif.edu/article_4030_0d6888004c498ca14dacd5497c6022bf.pdf
Sharif University of Technology
Scientia Iranica
1026-3098
2345-3605
24
1
2017
02
01
Simultaneous Optimization of Joint Edge Geometry and Process Parameters in Gas Metal Arc Welding Using Integrated ANN - PSO Approach
260
273
EN
M.
Azadi Moghaddam
Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Mashhad, Iran
R.
Golmezerji
Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Mashhad, Iran
F.
Kolahan
Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Mashhad, Iran
10.24200/sci.2017.4031
Gas metal arc welding (GMAW) can be considered the most extensively used process in automated welding due to its high productivity. However, to simultaneously achieve several conflicting objectives such as reducing production time, increasing product quality, full penetration, proper joint edge geometry and optimal selection of process parameters a multi criteria optimization procedure must be used. The aim of this research is to develop a multi criteria modeling and optimization procedure for GMAW process. To simultaneously predict weld bead geometry (WBG) characteristics and heat affected zone (HAZ), a back propagation neural network (BPNN) has been proposed. The experimentally derived data sets are used in training and testing of the network. Results demonstrated that the finely tuned BPNN model can closely simulate actual GMAW process with less than 1% error. Next, to simultaneously optimize process characteristics the BPNN model is inserted into a particle swarm optimization (PSO) algorithm. The proposed technique determines a set of parameters values and the work piece groove angle in such a way that a pre specified WBG is achieved while the HAZ of the weld joint is minimized. Optimal results were verified through additional experiments.
Gas Metal Arc Welding (GMAW), Joint Edge Geometry,Heat Affected Zone (HAZ), Multi-Criteria Optimization,Artificial Neural Network (ANN),Particle Swarm Optimization (PSO) algorithm
http://scientiairanica.sharif.edu/article_4031.html
http://scientiairanica.sharif.edu/article_4031_890c84d836b0c6bf15a729f63620604a.pdf
Sharif University of Technology
Scientia Iranica
1026-3098
2345-3605
24
1
2017
02
01
The Application of Suction and Blowing in Performance Improvement of Transonic Airfoils with Shock Control Bump
274
292
EN
Karim
Mazaheri
دانشگاه صنعتی شریف
mazaheri@sharif.ir
Ashkan
Nejati
دانشگاه صنعتی شریف
a_nejati@ae.sharif.ir
Kiarash
Charlang Kiani
دانشگاه صنعتی شریف
kiarash@ae.sharif.ir
10.24200/sci.2017.4032
Shock Control Bump (SCB) reduces the wave drag in transonic flight. In high Mach transonic flows, the boundary layer separation downstream the bump, induced by the shock wave, results in the poor performance of the SCB. To control the boundary layer separation and to reduce the wave drag for two transonic airfoils, RAE-2822 and NACA-64A010, we investigate the application of two conventional flow control methods, i.e. suction and blowing, to be added to the SCB. An adjoint gradient based optimization algorithm is used to find the optimum shape and location of SCB. The performance of both hybrid suction/SCB (HSS) and hybrid blowing/SCB (HBS) is a function of the sucked or injected mass flow rate, and their position. A parametric study is performed to find the near optimum values of the aerodynamic coefficients and efficiency. A RANS solver is validated and used for this flow analysis. This study shows that both HSS and HBS methods considerably improve the aerodynamic efficiency (L/D), while the HBS method is more effective in control of the shock wave/boundary layer interaction. Using HSS method, the aerodynamic efficiencies of these two airfoils are increased by, respectively, 8.6% and 3.9%, respect to the airfoils with optimized bumps. For HBS configuration, improvements are respectively 13.5% and 9.0%. The best non-dimensional mass flow rate for suction is found to be around 0.003 for both airfoils, and for blowing this is about 0.0025 for RAE-2822 airfoil and about 0.002 for NACA-64A010. The best location for suction and blowing are found to be, respectively, right before and after the SCB.
Transonic airfoil,Shock wave,Drag reduction,Shock Control Bump,Suction,Blowing,Adjoint optimization,Hybrid flow control tools
http://scientiairanica.sharif.edu/article_4032.html
http://scientiairanica.sharif.edu/article_4032_787ad5bb277e7164ba60e2b991871031.pdf
Sharif University of Technology
Scientia Iranica
1026-3098
2345-3605
24
1
2017
02
01
Evaluation of planing craft maneuverability using mathematical modeling under the action of the rudder
293
301
EN
Sajad
Hajizadeh
Department of Mechanical Engineering, Sharif University of Technology, Center of Excellence in Hydrodynamics and Dynamics of Marine Vehicles, Tehran, Iran
Mohammad Saeed
Seif
Department of Mechanical Engineering, Sharif University of Technology, Center of Excellence in Hydrodynamics and Dynamics of Marine Vehicles, Tehran, Iran
seif@sharif.edu
Hamid
Mehdigholi
Department of Mechanical Engineering, Sharif University of Technology, Center of Excellence in Hydrodynamics and Dynamics of Marine Vehicles, Tehran, Iran
10.24200/sci.2017.4033
In the recent years, different mathematical models are suggested for maneuvering of displacement vessels which are capable to estimate the vessel maneuver with acceptable precision. But simulation of planing craft maneuverability through mathematical model is not developed yet. In this paper a mathematical model is developed for planing craft maneuvering by including the rudder forces and moments. Different maneuvers are executed through the mathematical model such as straight-line stability, course keeping and turning circle maneuver. Simulation results were validated with the published experimental results and they are in good agreement. Finally, the influence of rudder angle on maneuverability of planing craft was studied and also the effect of aspect ratio has been investigated. The mathematical model and hydrodynamic coefficients were presented in this paper can be applied for the optimization of planing craft maneuvering and the course control purposes.
Maneuvering,modeling,Planing craft,Rudder
http://scientiairanica.sharif.edu/article_4033.html
http://scientiairanica.sharif.edu/article_4033_71bc78fa81e54aa795596e6b05164e8c.pdf
Sharif University of Technology
Scientia Iranica
1026-3098
2345-3605
24
1
2017
02
01
Group classification of the time-fractional Kaup-Kupershmidt equation
302
307
EN
Hossein
Jafari
University of Mazandaran
jafari@umz.ac.ir
N
Kadkhoda
kadkhoda@buqaen.ac.ir
M
Azadi
Maryam
Yaghobi
yaghoobim@yahoo.com
10.24200/sci.2017.4034
Finding the symmetries of the nonlinear fractional differential equations plays an important role in studying of fractional differential equations. In this manuscript firstly, we are interested in finding the Lie point symmetries of the time-fractional Kaup-Kupershmidt equation. After that by using the infinitesimal generators, we determine their corresponding invariant solutions.
Fractional differential equation,Lie group,time-fractional Kaup-Kupershmidt equation,Riemann-Liouville derivative,Group-invariant solutions
http://scientiairanica.sharif.edu/article_4034.html
http://scientiairanica.sharif.edu/article_4034_2765d4480fbf3ed0758c85789924f884.pdf