Sharif University of Technology
Scientia Iranica
1026-3098
2345-3605
23
6
2016
12
01
Effect of convective transport mechanisms on heat transfer characteristics of nanofluids
2567
2574
EN
E.
Mohammadpour
Department of Mechanical Engineering, K.N. Toosi University of Technology, Tehran, Iran.
M.
Eghdamtalab
Faculty of Chemical Engineering, Malek Ashtar University of Technology, Tehran, Iran.
10.24200/sci.2016.3966
In this study, eect of dierent slip mechanisms that can produce a slip velocity between nanoparticles and base fluid in a nano fluid flow eld has been investigated numerically. A two-phase Euler-Lagrange approach was applied to simulate heat transfer characteristics of dierent nanoparticles in a straight tube under laminar flow condition. Effect of dierent mechanisms such as thermophoresis, Brownian diusion, and Saman lift force on convective heat transfer was investigated and discussed. It is noticed that only Brownian diusion and thermophoresis are important slip mechanisms in nano fluids. In dierent nano fluids, eect of Brownian diusion and thermophoresis on convective heat transfer is dierent. While eect of Brownian diusion is more important in CuO-water nano fluid, thermophoresis is the main slip mechanism in Al2O3-water nano fluid.
nanofluids,Convective heat transfer,Two phase approach,Laminar flow
http://scientiairanica.sharif.edu/article_3966.html
http://scientiairanica.sharif.edu/article_3966_af54bf162c70ed7196c05837e03e6363.pdf
Sharif University of Technology
Scientia Iranica
1026-3098
2345-3605
23
6
2016
12
01
Soret and Dufour effects on viscoelastic boundary layer flow over a stretching surface with convective boundary condition with radiation and chemical reaction
2575
2586
EN
S.
Eswaramoorthi
Department of Mathematics, Dr. N.G.P. Arts & Science College, Coimbatore 641048, Tamil Nadu, India.
M.
Bhuvaneswari
Institute of Mathematical Sciences, University of Malaya, Kuala Lumpur 50603, Malaysia.
S.
Sivasankaran
Institute of Mathematical Sciences, University of Malaya, Kuala Lumpur 50603, Malaysia.
sd.siva@yahoo.com
S.
Rajan
Department of Mathematics, Erode Arts & Science College, Erode 638009, Tamil Nadu, India.
10.24200/sci.2016.3967
In this article, we investigate the double diusive flow of a viscoelastic fluid on a stretching paper with convective boundary condition under the in fluence of thermal-diusion and diusion-thermo eects, thermal radiation, internal heat generation or absorption, chemical reaction, and thermal radiation. The governing boundary layer equations are analytically solved by using Homotopy Analysis Method (HAM). Variations of the velocity, concentration, and temperature proles for dierent values of physical parameters are graphically displayed and discussed. Numerical results of the local Sherwood number and the local Nusselt number are also tabulated. It is observed that the local Nusselt number increases on increasing the radiation parameter. The local Sherwood number increases on increasing the chemical reaction parameter.
Heat/mass transfer,viscoelastic fluid,Homotopy analysis method,radiation,Soret/Dufour effects,Chemical reaction
http://scientiairanica.sharif.edu/article_3967.html
http://scientiairanica.sharif.edu/article_3967_cf964918b4bee0b2a2f77bc46e674c01.pdf
Sharif University of Technology
Scientia Iranica
1026-3098
2345-3605
23
6
2016
12
01
Mixed-convection boundary-layer flow of Sisko fluid along a stretching cylinder in a thermally stratied medium
2587
2594
EN
M.Y.
Malik
Department of Mathematics, Quaid-i-Azam University, Islamabad 44000, Pakistan.
M.
Awais
Department of Mathematics, Quaid-i-Azam University, Islamabad 44000, Pakistan.
T.
Salahuddin
Department of Mathematics, Quaid-i-Azam University, Islamabad 44000, Pakistan.
A.
Hussain
Department of Mathematics, Quaid-i-Azam University, Islamabad 44000, Pakistan.
S.
Bilal
Department of Mathematics, Quaid-i-Azam University, Islamabad 44000, Pakistan.
10.24200/sci.2016.3968
The aim of this paper is to gure out the flow and heat problem of twodimensional steady axisymmetric laminar mixed-convection boundary-layer flow of Sisko fluid model along a stretching cylinder in a thermally stratied medium. The similarity transformations are used to reduce coupled partial dierential equations to ordinary dierential equations. To solve these equations, a numerical approach called shooting method has been used for the computation of dierent physical parameters of velocity and temperature eld, respectively. The dependence of skin friction and Nusselt number has been analyzed in details in tables.
Sisko fluid model,mixed convection,Boundary-layer flow,Thermally stratied medium,Stretching cylinder,Shooting method
http://scientiairanica.sharif.edu/article_3968.html
http://scientiairanica.sharif.edu/article_3968_6cc2ec3f6dd461ed2a5ff3ff3befe006.pdf
Sharif University of Technology
Scientia Iranica
1026-3098
2345-3605
23
6
2016
12
01
Comparison of ISPH and WCSPH methods to solve fluid-structure interaction problems
2595
2605
EN
Houshang
Sabahi
h.sabahi@sutech.ac.ir
Amir
Nikseresht
0000-0001-6151-4679
Shiraz University of Technology
nikser@sutech.ac.ir
10.24200/sci.2016.3969
In this paper, the in-house code based on the smoothed particle hydrodynamics is proposed to simulate a fluid-solid interaction (FSI) problem. This method is a Lagrangian, mesh-free method and it has a high ability to capture the free surface in two phase flows and also the interface in FSI problems. To compare ofweakly compressible SPH (WCSPH) and incompressible SPH (ISPH) schemes, fluid flow under a hypo-elastic gate is simulated in solid and fluid domains with both methods. At first fluid domain is simulated with ISPH method and solid domain is solved with WCSPH scheme. Another simulation is done with both fluid and solid parts solved with WCSPH method. The results of both methods are in a good agreement with each other and also with other researcher’s results. So it is concluded that it is easier to model the fluid flow with ISPH scheme and the solid part with WCSPH in coupling fluid-solid interaction problems with a good accuracy.
Incompressible Smoothed Particle Hydrodynamics (ISPH),Hypo-Elastic Gate,Fluid-Solid Interaction
http://scientiairanica.sharif.edu/article_3969.html
http://scientiairanica.sharif.edu/article_3969_df0866fcff34d5c8363a0bd9592a3328.pdf
Sharif University of Technology
Scientia Iranica
1026-3098
2345-3605
23
6
2016
12
01
Large amplitude free vibration of magnetoelectroelastic curved panels
2606
2615
EN
Alireza
shooshtari
Bu_Ali Sina University
shooshta@basu.ac.ir
Soheil
Razavi
Department of Mechanical Engineering
10.24200/sci.2016.3970
In this paper, the large amplitude free vibration of magnetoelectroelastic curved panels is investigated. The panel is considered to be simply-supported on all edges and the magnetoelectroelastic body is subjected to the electric and magnetic fields along direction. To obtain the governing equations of motion, the Donnell shell theory and the Maxwell equations for electrostatics and magnetostatics are used. The nonlinear partial differential equations of motion are reduced to a single nonlinear ordinary differential equation by introducing trail functions for displacements and rotations and then applying the Galerkin method. The resulting equation is solved by multiple time scales perturbation method. Some numerical examples are presented to validate the study and to investigate the effects of several parameters such as the geometry of the panel and the magnetoelectric boundary conditions on the vibration behavior of these smart panels.
large amplitude free vibration,magnetoelectroelastic material,curved panel,Donnell shell theory,Multiple time scales method
http://scientiairanica.sharif.edu/article_3970.html
http://scientiairanica.sharif.edu/article_3970_0203b5b61c469b7f3ea2a4b7c4953469.pdf
Sharif University of Technology
Scientia Iranica
1026-3098
2345-3605
23
6
2016
12
01
Investigating thermal performance of a partly sintered wick heat pipe filled with different working fluids
2616
2625
EN
Mohammad
Khalili
Sharif University of Technology
khalili83@gmail.com
Mohammad Behshad
Shafii
Sharif University of Technology
behshad@sharif.ir
10.24200/sci.2016.3971
Heat pipes are important cooling devices which are widely used to transfer heat loads. In this paper thermal performance of a novel type of sintered wick heat pipe, namely, partly sintered wick heat pipe has been investigated. The heat pipe was filled with degassed water and acetone, as working fluids, and effects of filling ratio, orientation and heat inputs were tested. Moreover, conditions at which dry-out occurs were presented. Results showed that the best filling ratio for both working fluids is 20%. The heat pipe filled with water has better thermal performance compared with acetone, so that thermal resistances of the 20% water-filled heat pipe are approximately 7%, 27%, and 75% lower than those of the 20% acetone-filled one in the vertical, horizontal, and vertical reverse modes, respectively. This novel type of sintered wick heat pipe has good thermal performance in the horizontal mode and can be used in no-gravity conditions, i.e. space applications.
Heat pipe,Partly sintered wick,Circumferential groove,Thermal resistance,Working fluid,Filling ratio,Dry-out
http://scientiairanica.sharif.edu/article_3971.html
http://scientiairanica.sharif.edu/article_3971_1fe3c1cf7b34f206d3f79dce0ec06adf.pdf
Sharif University of Technology
Scientia Iranica
1026-3098
2345-3605
23
6
2016
12
01
Effect of water-in-heavy fuel oil emulsion on the non-reacting spray characteristics under dierent ambient conditions and injection pressures: A CFD study
2626
2640
EN
H.
Nowruzi
Department of Marine Technology, Amirkabir University of Technology, Tehran, P.O. Box 15875-4413, Iran.
P.
Ghadimi
Department of Marine Technology, Amirkabir University of Technology, Tehran, P.O. Box 15875-4413, Iran.
10.24200/sci.2016.3972
Emulsied fuel is one of the main strategies to substitute the conventional fossil fuel for the purpose of emission control and enhancement of fuel eciency. Accordingly, non-reacting spray characteristics of water-in-Heavy Fuel Oil (HFO) emulsion are numerically investigated in the present study via CFD analysis. Three dierent volumetric percentages of water in HFO are investigated and compared with pure HFO. Eects of four dierent injection pressures on injected fuel spray characteristics are studied. Moreover, in fluences of three dierent ambient back pressures and two ambient temperatures are considered. For these purposes, the characteristics of spray penetration, cone angle, volume, and SMD are evaluated through the analyses of non-dimensional numbers. For modeling the interaction of the fuel discrete phase and the gaseous continuous phase, Eulerian- Lagrangian multiphase formulation in OpenFOAM CFD toolbox is implemented. Fuel droplet tracking in Lagrangian scheme is applied by Lagrangian Particle Tracking method. Also, KH-RT as a hybrid breakup model for liquid fuel core breakup and standard model of k ???? " in RANS for turbulence modeling are utilized. Numerical results are validated against existing experimental data with suitable accordance. Longer spray penetration length, larger cone angle, and greater spray volume are achieved for the emulsied fuels.
Non-reacting spray characteristic,Water in heavy fuel oil emulsion,Breakup,High injection pressure,Back pressure
http://scientiairanica.sharif.edu/article_3972.html
http://scientiairanica.sharif.edu/article_3972_a7ed01ce3cc3e5c190a27fc261c79a6d.pdf
Sharif University of Technology
Scientia Iranica
1026-3098
2345-3605
23
6
2016
12
01
Simulation of thermally developing laminar flow in partially lled porous pipes under wall suction
2641
2649
EN
A.
Nouri-Borujerdi
School of Mechanical Engineering, Sharif University of Technology, Tehran, Iran.
anouri@sharif.edu
M.H.
Seyyed-Hashemi
School of Mechanical Engineering, Sharif University of Technology, Tehran, Iran.
10.24200/sci.2016.3973
This study numerically investigates fluid flow and heat transfer enhancement of a two-dimensional developing laminar flow in an axisymmetric pipe with partially lled porous material attached to the wall. The eects of porous layer in the range of 0 =R
Partially lled porous pipe,Developing forcedconvection laminar flow,Entrance length,Wall suction,Numerical method
http://scientiairanica.sharif.edu/article_3973.html
http://scientiairanica.sharif.edu/article_3973_b0875a25ef9deadb66811ab3e126370d.pdf
Sharif University of Technology
Scientia Iranica
1026-3098
2345-3605
23
6
2016
12
01
Study of peristaltic flow of magnetohydrodynamics Walter's B fluid with slip and heat transfer
2650
2662
EN
Ambreen A.
Khan
Department of Mathematics & Statistics, FBAS, IIUI, H-10, Islamabad, Pakistan
Hafsa
Usman
Department of Mathematics & Statistics, FBAS, IIUI, H-10, Islamabad, Pakistan
K.
Vafai
Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of California Riverside, USA
R.
Ellahi
Department of Mathematics Faculty of Science Taibah University, Madinah Munawwarah Saudi Arabia
10.24200/sci.2016.3974
The purpose of this paper is to investigate the effects of magnetohydrodynamics peristaltic flow of Walter's B fluid in an inclined asymmetric channel under the influence of slip conditions. The effects of heat and mass transfer are also taken into account. Analytical solutions of nonlinear coupled equations are obtained by regular perturbation method. Graphs for different flow parameters of interest are sketched and analyzed. It is observed that the absolute value of shear stress and heat transfer coefficient decreases by increasing the magnetic parameter whereas with the increase of magnetic parameter, the concentration decreases. Opposite behavior has been noted for temperature and heat transfer coefficient at upper and lower walls against the various values of Prandtl number, Eckert number, slip parameter and material constant of Walter's B fluid. Oscillatory behavior of heat transfer coefficient is observed which is due to propagation of peristaltic waves along the walls of the channel.
magnetohydrodynamics,Peristaltic flow,Walter's B fluid,Heat Transfer,slip condition,regular perturbation method,analytical solutions
http://scientiairanica.sharif.edu/article_3974.html
http://scientiairanica.sharif.edu/article_3974_fbf6b72d0b6ecf5b5a85b25a9b7da7c2.pdf
Sharif University of Technology
Scientia Iranica
1026-3098
2345-3605
23
6
2016
12
01
Rolling Schedule Multi-objective Optimizationbased on Influence Function for Thin Gauge Steel Strip in Tandem Cold Rolling
2663
2672
EN
H.N.
Bu
State Key Laboratory of Rolling and Automation, Northeastern University, Shenyang 110819, Liaoning, China
Z.W.
Yan
State Key Laboratory of Rolling and Automation, Northeastern University, Shenyang 110819, Liaoning, China
D.H.
Zhang
State Key Laboratory of Rolling and Automation, Northeastern University, Shenyang 110819, Liaoning, China
S.Z.
Chen
State Key Laboratory of Rolling and Automation, Northeastern University, Shenyang 110819, Liaoning, China
10.24200/sci.2016.3975
The setting of rolling schedule in tandem cold mill is one of the most crucial content in rolling process, which will have a direct impact on product quality and production efficiency. According to the actual requirements in the rolling process, a multi-objective function based on influence function method was built. The objective function was aimed specially at thin gauge strip and solved by Tabu search algorithm. Meanwhile, in order to avoid the strip slipping by the reduction of friction coefficient, the tension schedule was corrected according to the rolling length of work roll. The proposed optimization method has been applied successfully to a 1450mm 5-stand tandem cold mill. Application results show that the optimized rolling schedules are more close to the actual requirements and the flatness quality is improved greatly.
tandem cold mill,rolling schedule,mathematical model,multi-objective optimization,influence function
http://scientiairanica.sharif.edu/article_3975.html
http://scientiairanica.sharif.edu/article_3975_d2fafe5dc98357349547fba1e649f018.pdf
Sharif University of Technology
Scientia Iranica
1026-3098
2345-3605
23
6
2016
12
01
A comparison between entropy generation analysis and first law eciency in a monoplane Wells turbine
2673
2681
EN
E.
Lakzian
Department of Mechanical Engineering, Hakim Sabzevari University, Sabzevar, Iran.
sfazwndu@scientiaunknown.non
R.
Soltanmohamadi
Department of Mechanical Engineering, Hakim Sabzevari University, Sabzevar, Iran.
M.
Nazeryan
Department of Mechanical Engineering, Hakim Sabzevari University, Sabzevar, Iran.
10.24200/sci.2016.3976
Wells turbine is a promising self-rectifying device in the eld of ocean wave energy conversion. This study presents an Entropy Generation Analysis (EGA) of isothermal flow through a monoplane Wells turbine. The numerical computation has performed by solving the steady, incompressible, and three-dimensional Reynolds- Averaged Navier-Stokes (RANS) equations with RNG k ???? " turbulence model in a noninertial reference frame rotating with the turbine rotor. Then, local entropy generation rates, related to viscous dissipation around rotor blades, were calculated from the velocity elds. The results indicate that separation and boundary-layer interaction have a direct eect on the entropy generation. The blade entropy generation decreases from hub to tip and from leading edge to trailing edge in suction surface. Also, the result of comparison shows that the point of minimum entropy generation coincides with the point of maximum rst law eciency of thermodynamics. The results prove that viscous entropy generation distribution provides designers with useful information about the causes of flow irreversibilities. Future monoplane Wells turbine designs should concentrate essentially on optimizing the blade geometry.
Wave energy conversion,Fluid machinery,Wells turbine,Eciency,entropy generation,CFD
http://scientiairanica.sharif.edu/article_3976.html
http://scientiairanica.sharif.edu/article_3976_20a08e4fe72a4bc8244626eeb91b6c5a.pdf
Sharif University of Technology
Scientia Iranica
1026-3098
2345-3605
23
6
2016
12
01
A multi-step Gaussian filtering approach to reduce the effect of non-Gaussian distribution in aerial localization of an RF source in NLOS condition
2682
2693
EN
S.M.M.
Dehghan
Advanced Robotics and Intelligent Systems Laboratory, School of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of Tehran, Teran, Iran.
H.
Moradi
Intelligent Systems Research Institute, SKKU, South Korea.
moradih@ut.ac.ir
10.24200/sci.2016.3977
The hybrid localization using Angle Of Arrival (AOA) and Dierential Received Strength Signal Indicator (DRSSI) of an RF source with unknown power and Non- Line-Of-Sight (NLOS) condition has been proven to be advantageous compared to using each method separately. In this paper, the initial hybrid method, which was implemented using particle lters due to the multi-modal/non-Gaussian nature of localization in NLOS condition, has been replaced by a multi-step Gaussian ltering approach which provides similar accuracy with better performance. This has been done using DRSSI input in the rst step of the ltering to determine the linearization point, and then using AOA and DRSSI inputs together in the second step of the ltering to improve the localization accuracy. The proposed method has been implemented using Extended Kalman lter and Unscented Kalman lter. The simulation results show that the accuracy of the multi-step Gaussian ltering is comparable to the particle ltering approach with much lower computational load that is important for online localization of several RF sources. Furthermore, the eects of uncertainty on the propagation parameters have been studied to show that the robustness of the multi-step Gaussian ltering to the uncertainties is comparable to the particle lter approach.
NLOS propagation,Localization,Particle lter,Extended Kalman filter,Unscented Kalman filter
http://scientiairanica.sharif.edu/article_3977.html
http://scientiairanica.sharif.edu/article_3977_b6f76a4936e2e05fb5ac68c03e48cbf1.pdf
Sharif University of Technology
Scientia Iranica
1026-3098
2345-3605
23
6
2016
12
01
Retracted: Aerodynamic and Performance Evaluation of a Variable-Sweep Morphing Wing
2694
2703
EN
abbas
tarabi
abbastarabi@mut.ac.ir
sajjad
ghasemloo
mahmood
mani
mani@aut.ac.ir
10.24200/sci.2016.3978
This paper reports on a numerical and experimental investigation of a variable-sweep morphing wing for an unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) whereby the area and the aspect ratio of the wing can change while its overall configuration is kept nearly unchanged. The numerical results were obtained using computational fluid dynamics (CDF) and the experimental data from a low-speed wind tunnel test at the speeds of 50, 60, and 70 m/s. The extent of change in the sweep angle of the morphing wing relative to the base wing is 12 degrees (i.e. 36%). The results of this study show that lift coefficient, lift curve slope, drag coefficient and the aerodynamic efficiency of the model wing decrease as the sweep angle increases. According to experimental results, the maximum reduction in the drag coefficient of the morphing wing is 6.1% as the sweep angle increases from 33 to 45 deg. Also, the maximum changes in the aerodynamic efficiency of the model with sweep angle changing from 33 to 45 degrees occur at 6 degree angle of attack, which is equal to 11.6%. With changing the wing sweep, the maximum change of flight range and endurance were found to be 8.77 and 7.15%, respectively.
Morphing Wing,Variable Sweep,wind tunnel,numerical simulation,Aerodynamic Efficiency
http://scientiairanica.sharif.edu/article_3978.html
http://scientiairanica.sharif.edu/article_3978_d41d8cd98f00b204e9800998ecf8427e.pdf