2010
17
2
2
0
http://scientiairanica.sharif.edu/3358.html
A New RollingHorizon Technique for Lotsizing in a Capacitated Pure Flow Shop with SequenceDependent Setups
2
2
A new rollinghorizon approach is presented in this paper to solve the problem of lotsizing
in a capacitated pure
ow shop with sequence dependent setups. Two solution algorithms are provided,
based on a simplified version of the problem, combining the rollinghorizon approach with a heuristic. To
evaluate the effectiveness of the proposed algorithms, a comparison is made between the results obtained
by the proposed algorithms and those obtained by existing algorithms. The comparison indicates the
superiority of the proposed algorithm for large scale problems.
2
A new rollinghorizon approach is presented in this paper to solve the problem of lotsizing
in a capacitated pure
ow shop with sequence dependent setups. Two solution algorithms are provided,
based on a simplified version of the problem, combining the rollinghorizon approach with a heuristic. To
evaluate the effectiveness of the proposed algorithms, a comparison is made between the results obtained
by the proposed algorithms and those obtained by existing algorithms. The comparison indicates the
superiority of the proposed algorithm for large scale problems.
Keywords: Lotsizing; Scheduling; Pure
ow shop; Sequencedependent; Rollinghorizon; Multilevel.
0
0


M.
Mohammadi
Department of Industrial Engineering,Tarbiat Modares University
Iran
ccvttcco@scientiaunknown.non


S. M. T.
Fatemi Ghomi
Department of Industrial Engineering,Amirkabir University of Technology
Iran
fatemi@aut.ac.ir
Lotsizing
Scheduling
Pure ow shop
SequenceDependent
Rollinghorizon
Multilevel
http://scientiairanica.sharif.edu/3359.html
An Exponential Cluster Validity Index for Fuzzy Clustering with Crisp and Fuzzy Data
2
2
This paper presents a new cluster validity index for finding a suitable number of fuzzy
clusters with crisp and fuzzy data. The new index, called the ECASindex, contains exponential
compactness and separation measures. These measures indicate homogeneity within clusters and
heterogeneity between clusters, respectively. Moreover, a fuzzy cmean algorithm is used for fuzzy
clustering with crisp data, and a fuzzy knumbers clustering is used for clustering with fuzzy data. In
comparison to other indices, it is evident that the proposed index is more eective and robust under
different conditions of data sets, such as noisy environments and large data sets.
2
This paper presents a new cluster validity index for finding a suitable number of fuzzy
clusters with crisp and fuzzy data. The new index, called the ECASindex, contains exponential
compactness and separation measures. These measures indicate homogeneity within clusters and
heterogeneity between clusters, respectively. Moreover, a fuzzy cmean algorithm is used for fuzzy
clustering with crisp data, and a fuzzy knumbers clustering is used for clustering with fuzzy data. In
comparison to other indices, it is evident that the proposed index is more eective and robust under
different conditions of data sets, such as noisy environments and large data sets.
Keywords: Fuzzy clustering; Cluster validity index; Fuzzy cmean algorithm; Fuzzy knumbers
clustering; Fuzzy numbers; Compactness; Separation.
0
0


M. H.
Fazel Zarandi
Department of Industrial Engineering,Amirkabir University of Technology
Iran
jdzfivhh@scientiaunknown.non


M. R.
Faraji
Department of Industrial Engineering,Amirkabir University of Technology
Iran
jiucxaew@scientiaunknown.non


M.
Karbasian
Department of Industrial Engineering,Amirkabir University of Technology
Iran
xibenkyh@scientiaunknown.non
Fuzzy clustering
Cluster validity index
Fuzzy cmean algorithm
Fuzzy knumbers clustering
Fuzzy numbers
Compactness
separation
http://scientiairanica.sharif.edu/3360.html
A Cumulative Binomial Chart for Univariate Process Control
2
2
In this paper, a control method based on binomial distribution is proposed in which, by
analyzing the cumulated data for a univariate quality characteristic, the possible mean shift is detected.
In this method, the domain of observations is rst divided into some specied intervals and then the number
of observations in each interval is counted. Control statistics are next dened using the counted values
based on the approximation methods. Necessary adaptations are made to form an appropriate statistic
for the process monitoring. Using a simulation technique, the performance of the proposed method is
compared with the ones of the optimal EWMA, GEWMA, CUSUM and GLR control charts. The results
show that with an equal incontrol average run length, the cumulative Binomial control method performs
better than control charts in detecting a mean shift of any size less than 3. The analysis is also carried
out for autocorrelated data, showing that the proposed method performs better than other methods for
small to moderate values of autocorrelation coecients.
2
In this paper, a control method based on binomial distribution is proposed in which, by
analyzing the cumulated data for a univariate quality characteristic, the possible mean shift is detected.
In this method, the domain of observations is rst divided into some specied intervals and then the number
of observations in each interval is counted. Control statistics are next dened using the counted values
based on the approximation methods. Necessary adaptations are made to form an appropriate statistic
for the process monitoring. Using a simulation technique, the performance of the proposed method is
compared with the ones of the optimal EWMA, GEWMA, CUSUM and GLR control charts. The results
show that with an equal incontrol average run length, the cumulative Binomial control method performs
better than control charts in detecting a mean shift of any size less than 3. The analysis is also carried
out for autocorrelated data, showing that the proposed method performs better than other methods for
small to moderate values of autocorrelation coecients.
Keywords: Statistical process control; Binomial distribution; Cumulative data; Simulation.
0
0


M. S.
Fallah Nezhad
Department of Industrial Engineering,Sharif University of Technology
Iran
fallahnezhad@mehr.sharif.edu


M.S.
Owlia
Department of Industrial Engineering,University of Yazd
Iran
zzijrkmc@scientiaunknown.non
Statistical process control
Binomial distribution
Cumulative data
Simulation
http://scientiairanica.sharif.edu/3361.html
Optimal Ordering Policy Under Acceptance Sampling Plan and Trade Credit Financing
2
2
Acceptance of sampling plans and trade credit has become increasingly common in today's
business. These two issues should be considered simultaneously when determining an ordering decision.
This paper uses EOQ to model the decision under the acceptance sampling plan and trade credit; meaning,
how often it would be necessary to order to minimize the total related cost. We develop theorems based
on optimum lemmas to solve the problem. Computational analyses are given to illustrate the solution
procedures and we discuss the in
uence of credit period, acceptance sampling plan, holding cost and
ordering cost on the total cost, and the ordering decision. We conclude with a computational analysis
that leads to a variety of managerial insights.
2
Acceptance of sampling plans and trade credit has become increasingly common in today's
business. These two issues should be considered simultaneously when determining an ordering decision.
This paper uses EOQ to model the decision under the acceptance sampling plan and trade credit; meaning,
how often it would be necessary to order to minimize the total related cost. We develop theorems based
on optimum lemmas to solve the problem. Computational analyses are given to illustrate the solution
procedures and we discuss the in
uence of credit period, acceptance sampling plan, holding cost and
ordering cost on the total cost, and the ordering decision. We conclude with a computational analysis
that leads to a variety of managerial insights.
Keywords: Ordering; Inventory; Acceptance sampling plan; Trade credit; Optimization.
0
0


TC.
Tsao
Department of Mechanical Engineering,Los Angeles
Iran
ttsao@seas.ucla.edu
ordering
Inventory
Acceptance sampling plan
Trade credit
optimization
http://scientiairanica.sharif.edu/3362.html
A Fuzzy RuleBased Expert System for Diagnosing Asthma
2
2
Asthma is a chronic lung disorder of which the number of suerers estimated to be
between 1.427.1% of the population in dierent areas of the world. Results of various studies show that
asthma is usually underdiagnosed, especially in developing countries, because of limited access to medical
specialist and laboratory data. The purpose of this paper is to design a fuzzy rulebased expert system to
alleviate this hazard by diagnosing asthma at initial stages. A knowledge representation of this system
is provided from a high level, based on patient perception, and organized into two dierent structures
called Type A and Type B. Type A is composed of six modules, including symptoms, allergic rhinitis,
genetic factors, symptom hyperresponsiveness, medical factors and environmental factors. Type B is
composed of 8 modules including symptoms, allergic rhinitis, genetic factors, response to shortterm drug
use, bronchodilator tests, challenge tests, PEF tests and exhaled nitric oxide. The nal result of every
system is defuzzied in order to provide the assessment of the possibility of asthma for the patient.
Verication and validations criteria are considered throughout a lifecycle; the system was developed by
the participation of general physicians, experienced asthma physicians and asthmatic patients.
2
Asthma is a chronic lung disorder of which the number of suerers estimated to be
between 1.427.1% of the population in dierent areas of the world. Results of various studies show that
asthma is usually underdiagnosed, especially in developing countries, because of limited access to medical
specialist and laboratory data. The purpose of this paper is to design a fuzzy rulebased expert system to
alleviate this hazard by diagnosing asthma at initial stages. A knowledge representation of this system
is provided from a high level, based on patient perception, and organized into two dierent structures
called Type A and Type B. Type A is composed of six modules, including symptoms, allergic rhinitis,
genetic factors, symptom hyperresponsiveness, medical factors and environmental factors. Type B is
composed of 8 modules including symptoms, allergic rhinitis, genetic factors, response to shortterm drug
use, bronchodilator tests, challenge tests, PEF tests and exhaled nitric oxide. The nal result of every
system is defuzzied in order to provide the assessment of the possibility of asthma for the patient.
Verication and validations criteria are considered throughout a lifecycle; the system was developed by
the participation of general physicians, experienced asthma physicians and asthmatic patients.
Keywords: Fuzzy sets; Medical expert system; Asthma; Diagnosis.
0
0


M.
Zolnoori
Department of Computer Engineering and IT,Tarbiat Modares University
Iran
fyxdwlss@scientiaunknown.non


M. H.
Fazel Zarandi
Department of Industrial Engineering,Amirkabir University of Technology
Iran
jdzfivhh@scientiaunknown.non


M.
Moin
Faculty of Science,Shahid Beheshti University
Iran
ysfireab@scientiaunknown.non


H.
Heidarnejad
Faculty of Science,Shahid Beheshti University
Iran
bkkrrgeo@scientiaunknown.non
Fuzzy sets
Medical expert system
Asthma
Diagnosis
http://scientiairanica.sharif.edu/3363.html
Determination of the Number of Kanbans and Batch Sizes in a JIT Supply Chain System
2
2
Under stochastic demand in the multistage SCM in a JIT environment, the probability
of generating a function of the stationary distributions of the backlogged demand was extended. The
batch size of WIPs has a great impact on the packing, unpacking or transferring costs of a chain; it
has been attempted to integrate the delivery batch size of each plant in a multistage serial chain with
the productionordering and supplier kanbans of the chain. An algorithm was developed to evaluate the
optimal numbers of kanbans and batch sizes of each plant by minimizing the total cost of a chain. A
numerical example is also provided to indicate the signicance of adding the proposed assumptions, as
well as demonstrating the approach adopted towards solving the problem.
2
Under stochastic demand in the multistage SCM in a JIT environment, the probability
of generating a function of the stationary distributions of the backlogged demand was extended. The
batch size of WIPs has a great impact on the packing, unpacking or transferring costs of a chain; it
has been attempted to integrate the delivery batch size of each plant in a multistage serial chain with
the productionordering and supplier kanbans of the chain. An algorithm was developed to evaluate the
optimal numbers of kanbans and batch sizes of each plant by minimizing the total cost of a chain. A
numerical example is also provided to indicate the signicance of adding the proposed assumptions, as
well as demonstrating the approach adopted towards solving the problem.
Keywords: Supply chain; JIT; Stochastic demand; Batch size; Kanban.
0
0


S.K.
Chaharsooghi
Department of Industrial Engineering,Tarbiat Modares University
Iran
email@email.com


A.
Sajedinejad
Department of Industrial Engineering,Tarbiat Modares University
Iran
qhbzdczd@scientiaunknown.non
Supply chain
JIT
Stochastic demand
Batch size
Kanban
http://scientiairanica.sharif.edu/3364.html
Fuzzy Development of Multivariate Variable Control Charts Using the Fuzzy Likelihood Ratio Test
2
2
This paper is an eort to evolve multivariate variable control charts in a fuzzy environment
where each observation in each sample is assumed to be a canonical fuzzy number. To do this, a likelihood
ratio test should be exploited in a fuzzy environment, because multivariate variable control charts are
constructed using this test. In this way, membership functions of likelihood ratio statistics applied to
control the process mean and dispersion are obtained solving four nonlinear programming problems. Using
these membership functions, membership degrees of in and out of control states of both process mean and
dispersion are computed. Hence contrary to the classic multivariate variable control charts categorizing the
process into just two states, i.e. in and out of control, the process can be considered in several intermediate
states, based on the computed membership degrees, bringing about more
exibility in process analysis.
2
This paper is an eort to evolve multivariate variable control charts in a fuzzy environment
where each observation in each sample is assumed to be a canonical fuzzy number. To do this, a likelihood
ratio test should be exploited in a fuzzy environment, because multivariate variable control charts are
constructed using this test. In this way, membership functions of likelihood ratio statistics applied to
control the process mean and dispersion are obtained solving four nonlinear programming problems. Using
these membership functions, membership degrees of in and out of control states of both process mean and
dispersion are computed. Hence contrary to the classic multivariate variable control charts categorizing the
process into just two states, i.e. in and out of control, the process can be considered in several intermediate
states, based on the computed membership degrees, bringing about more
exibility in process analysis.
Keywords: Multivariate control charts; Likelihood ratio test; Nonlinear programming; Fuzzy numbers;
Fuzzy random variables.
0
0


H.
Moheb Alizadeh
Department of Industrial Engineering,Tarbiat Modares University
Iran
piipwojr@scientiaunknown.non


A. R.
Arshadi Khamseh
Department of Industrial Engineering,Tarbiat Modares University
Iran
bwtesygm@scientiaunknown.non


S. M. T.
Fatemi Ghomi
Department of Industrial Engineering,Amirkabir University of Technology
Iran
fatemi@aut.ac.ir
Multivariate control charts
Likelihood ratio test
nonlinear programming
Fuzzy numbers
fuzzy random variables