ORIGINAL_ARTICLE
Particle rotation effects in Cosserat-Maxwell boundary layer flow with non-Fourier heat transfer using a new novel approach
In this article we use a non-classical approach to investigate different physical effects of Cosserat-Maxwell fluid flow with non-Fourier heat transfer mechanism. Furthermore, a new numerical approach is used and outlined for computing and analyzing the behavior of such flows. In particular, continuous Galerkin-Petrov discretization scheme is embedded with shooting method to get the numerical algorithm to solve the stagnation point flow of Cosserat-Maxwell fluid with Cattaneo-Christov heat transfer. The mathematical description of the physical problem is stated in the form of partial differential equations (PDEs) which govern the flow mechanism. Further, the suitable transformations are utilized to describe the governing PDEs into their respective ordinary differential equations. Numerical experiments are performed for a specific case where there are weak concentrations of the flow near the stretching surface thereby allowing the microelement to rotate and generate vortex flow near the stretching surface. Buoyancy effects along with other interesting physical effects are calculated and numerical results are presented for various fluidic situations. Several benchmark case studies were carried out for the validation of obtained results. Moreover, the results are also validated against the results available in the limiting classical continuum case in literature and a good agreement is found.
http://scientiairanica.sharif.edu/article_21953_1c0975315e5f313a88d4fb235d83c14f.pdf
2021-06-01
1223
1235
10.24200/sci.2020.52191.2583
Boundary layer flow
Non-Fourier heat transfer
Buoyancy effects
Particle rotations
Cosserat Maxwell fluid
Galerkin-Petrov Finite Element method
M. B.
Hafeez
bilalhafeez44@yahoo.com
1
Department of Applied Mathematics and Statistics, Institute of Space Technology, Islamabad, 44000, Pakistan
LEAD_AUTHOR
M. S.
Khan
msabeel@gmail.com
2
Department of Applied Mathematics and Statistics, Institute of Space Technology, Islamabad, 44000, Pakistan
AUTHOR
I. H.
Qureshi
3
Department of Applied Mathematics and Statistics, Institute of Space Technology, Islamabad, 44000, Pakistan
AUTHOR
J.
Alebraheem
j.alebraheem@mu.edu.sa
4
Department of Mathematics, College of Sciences Al Zufli, Majmaah University, Majmaah, 11952, Saudi Arabia
AUTHOR
A.
Elmoasry
a.elmoasry@mu.edu.sa
5
- Department of Mathematics, College of Sciences Al Zufli, Majmaah University, Majmaah, 11952, Saudi Arabia. - Department of Mathematics, Faculty of Sciences, Aswan University, 81528, Aswan, Egypt
AUTHOR
References
1
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uid over a stretching surface inpresence of chemical reaction", J.E. Math. Soc., 20(3),pp. 229{234 (2012).4. Abel, M.S., Tawade, J.V., and Nandeppanavar, M.M.MHD
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ux model", AIP Adv., 6, p. 085103(2016).6. Renardy, M. High Weissenberg number boundarylayers for the upper convected Maxwell uid", J. Non-Newtonian Fluid Mech., 68, pp. 125{133 (1997).7. Olaru, I. A study of the cooling systems and uid owsimulation in metal cutting processing", IOP Conf.Ser. Mater. Sci. Eng., 227, p. 012086 (2017).8. Abel, M.S. and Mahesha, N. Heat transfer in MHDviscoelastic uid ow over a stretching sheet with
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variable thermal conductivity non-uniform heat sourceand radiation", Appl. Mathematical Model., 32(10),pp. 1965{1983 (2008).9. Guilmineau, E. Computational study of
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ow arounda simplied car body", J. Wind Engin. and IndustrialAerodynamics, 6(7), pp. 1207{1217 (2008).10. Levenspiel, O. Chemical reaction engineering",
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uid towards ashrinking vertical sheet", Comput. Math. Appl., 63(1),pp. 255{267 (2012).15. Ibrahim, W. and Zemedu, C. MHD nonlinear mixedconvection ow of micropolar nanouid over nonisothermalsphere", Math. Prob. Eng., 2020(1), p.4735650 (2020).16. Ashraf, M. and Batool, K. MHD ow and heattransfer of a micropolar uid over a stretchable disk",J. Theor. Appl. Mech., 51(1), pp. 25{38 (2013).17. Tripathy, R.S., Dash, G.C., Mishra, S.R., et al.Numerical analysis of hydromagnetic micropolar uidalong a stretching sheet embedded in porous mediumwith non-uniform heat source and chemical reaction",Eng. Sci. Technol. Int. J., 19, pp. 1573{1581 (2016).18. Yasin, M.M., Ishak, A., and Pop, I. MHD stagnationpoint
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ow and heat transfer with eects of viscousdissipation joule heating and partial velocity slip", Sci.Rep., 5, p. 17848 (2015).19. Lian-Cun, Z., Xin-Xin, Z., and Chun-Qing. L. Heattransfer for power law non-Newtonian uids", Chin.Phys. Lett., 23(12), p. 3301 (2006).20. Cattaneo, C. Sulla conduzione del calore", Atti Sem.Mat. Fis, Univ. Modena., 3(1) pp. 83{101 (1948).21. Christov, C.I. On frame indierent formulation ofthe Maxwell-Cattaneo model of nite-speed heat conduction",Mech. Res. Commun., 36(4), pp. 481{486(2009).22. Mahapatra, T.R., Nandy, S.K., and Gupta, A.S. Magnetohydrodynamicstagnation-point ow of a powerlaw
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uid towards a stretching surface", Int. J. Non-LinearMech., 44, pp. 124{129 (2009).23. Sadeghy, K., Hajibeygi, H., and Taghavi, S.M.Stagnation-point ow of upper-convected Maxwell
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uids", Int. J. Non-Lin. Mech., 41(10), pp. 1242{1247(2006).24. Kumari, M. and Nath, G. Steady mixed convectionstagnation-point ow of upper convected Maxwelluids with magnetic eld", Int. J. Non-Lin. Mech.,44(10), pp. 1048{1055 (2009).25. Han, S., Zheng, L., Li, C., et al. Coupled owand heat transfer in viscoelastic uid with Cattaneo-Christov heat ux model", Appl. Math. Letters, 38,pp. 87{93 (2014).26. Sheikholeslami, M., Ganji, D.D., Li, Z., et al. Numerical
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simulation of thermal radiative heat transfereects on Fe3O4-ethylene glycol nanouid EHD
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ow ina porous enclosure", Sci. Iran., 26(3), pp. 1405{1414(2019).1234 M.B. Hafeez et al./Scientia Iranica, Transactions B: Mechanical Engineering 28 (2021) 1223{123527. Ismael, M.A. and Ghalib, H.S. Double diusive naturalconvection in a partially layered cavity with inner
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cavity", Sci. Iran., 24(3), pp. 1108{1125 (2017).30. Alinia, M., Gorji-Bandpy, M., Ganji, D.D., et al.Two-phase natural convection of SiO2-water nanouid in an inclined square enclosure", Sci. Iran., 21(5),pp. 1643{1654 (2014).31. Sheikhzadeh, G.A., Heydari, R., Hajialigol, N., et al.
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Heat and mass transfer by natural convection arounda hot body in a rectangular cavity", Sci. Iran., 20(5),pp. 1474{1484 (2013).32. Amini, Y., Emdad, H., and Farid, M. Fluid-tructureinteraction analysis of a piezoelectric exible plate in acavity lled withuid", Sci. Iran., 23(2), pp. 559{565(2016).33. Arefmanesh, A., Mahmoodi, M., and Nikfar, M.Eect of position of a square-shaped heat source onbuoyancy-driven heat transfer in a square cavity lledwith nano uid", Sci. Iran., 21(3), pp. 1129{1142(2014).34. Kaneez, H., Alebraheem, J., Elmoasry, A., et al.Numerical investigation on transport of momenta and
17
energy in micropolar uid suspended with dusty, monoand hybrid nano-structures", AIP Adva., 10(4), p.045120 (2020).35. Fatunmbi, E.O. and Okoya, S.S. Heat transferin boundary layer magneto-micropolar uids withtemperature-dependent material properties over astretching sheet", Adv. Mater. Sci. Eng., p. 5734979(2020).36. Srinivasacharya, D. and Mendu, D.S. Free convectionin MHD micropolar uid with radiation and chemicalreaction eects", Chem. Ind. Chem. Eng. Q., 20(2),pp. 183{195 (2014).37. Raftari, B. and Yildirim, A. The application of homotopy
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ow and heat transfer for the upper convectedMaxwell uid over a stretching sheet", Mecc., 47, pp.385{393 (2012).41. Megahed, A.M. Variable uid properties and variableheat ux eects on the ow and heat transfer in a non-Newtonian Maxwell uid over an unsteady stretchingsheet with slip velocity", Chin. Phys. B., 22, p. 094701(2012).42. Mustafa, M., Hayat, T., and Alsaedi, A. Rotating owof Maxwell uid with variable thermal conductivity anapplication to non-Fourier heat
20
ux theory", Int. J.Heat Mass Transf., 106, pp. 142{148 (2017).
21
ORIGINAL_ARTICLE
Parametric resonance domain of a parametric excited screen machine
In this paper the stable operation domain of a parametric resonance (PR) based screen machine is thoroughly investigated. The dynamic model of a screen with two differential equations coupled by a geometric nonlinearity is applied to study the structural motion. In order to address the strong nonlinearities in the equations of motion the homotopy perturbation method (HPM) is used to compute the longitudinal and transverse oscillations. Since, under excessive excitation, the contact of the vibration screen and loaded materials displays undesirable vibro-impact response, the HPM is applied under impact and non-impact operation conditions. By considering appropriate technological parameters, including the maximum amplitude desired, spring stiffness, screen mass, initial velocity and acceleration, the best domain of excitation is calculated. The results provide the optimal parameter domain for a new design of vibrating screen, where the parametric oscillations are excited and the analytically-obtained steady oscillation regime is stable. The outcomes of this research respond to changes in the production quality and quantity required by customers and deliver a design guideline for engineers.
http://scientiairanica.sharif.edu/article_21900_2351d1bb1336943b5081693fe034cfbc.pdf
2021-06-01
1236
1244
10.24200/sci.2020.52943.2959
Parametric resonance (PR)
homotopy perturbation method (HPM)
screen machine
mineral science
M.
Zahedi
seyyed.mohsen.zahedi@gmail.com
1
Department of Computer Engineering, University of Isfahan, Isfahan, Iran
AUTHOR
I.
Khatami
iman.khatami81@gmail.com
2
Department of Mechanical Engineering, Chabahar Maritime University, Chabahar, Iran
AUTHOR
S. A.
Zahedi
abolfazl.zahedi@dmu.ac.uk
3
School of Engineering and Sustainable Development, De Montfort University, Leicester, UK
LEAD_AUTHOR
References
1
1. Zahedi, S.A., Roy, A., and Silberschmidt, V.V. Modellingof vibration assisted machining fcc single crystal",Procedia CIRP, 31, pp. 393{398 (2015).2. Zahedi, S.A., Roy, A., and Silberschmidt, V.V.Vibration-assisted machining of single crystal", Journalof Physics: Conference Series, 451(1), pp. 12038{12043 (2013).M. Zahedi et al./Scientia Iranica, Transactions B: Mechanical Engineering 28 (2021) 1236{1244 12433. Makinde, O.A., Ramatsetse, B.I., and Mpofu, K. Reviewof vibrating screen development trends: Linkingthe past and the future in mining machinery industries",International Journal of Mineral Processing,145, pp. 17{22 (2015).4. Xiao-mei, H.E. and Chu-sheng, L. Dynamics andscreening characteristics of a vibrating screen withvariable elliptical trace", Mining Science and Technology,19, pp. 508{513 (2009).5. Djokovi_c, J.M., Taniki_c, D.I., Nikoli_c, R.R., et al.Screening e_ciency analysis of vibrosieves with thecircular vibrations", Civil and Environmental Engineering,13(1), pp. 77{83 (2017).6. Liu, K.S. Some factors a_ecting sieving performanceand e_ciency", Powder Technology, 193(2), pp. 208{213 (2009).7. Baragetti, S. and Villa, F. A dynamic optimizationtheoretical method for heavy loaded vibratingscreens", Nonlinear Dynamics, 78(1), pp. 609{627(2014).8. Liu, A., Lu, H., Fu, J., et al. Analytical and experimentalstudies on out-of-plane dynamic instability ofshallow circular arch based on parametric resonance",Nonlinear Dynamics, 87(1), pp. 677{694 (2017).9. Amorim, T.D., Dantas, W.G., and Gusso, A. Analysisof the chaotic regime of MEMS/NEMS _xed-_xedbeam resonators using an improved 1DOF model",Nonlinear Dynamics, 79(2), pp. 967{981 (2015).10. Shmavonyan, G.Sh. and Zendehbad, S.M. Treatmentof ZnO nanowires on Si (111)", Scientia Iranica, 18(3),pp. 816{819 (2011).11. Slepyan, L. and Slepyan, V. Coupled model parametricresonance in a vibrating screen", MechanicalSystems and Signal Processing, 43, pp. 295{304 (2014).12. Zahedi, S.A. and Babitsky, V. Modeling of autoresonantcontrol of a parametrically excited screen machine",Journal of Sound and Vibration, 380, pp. 78{89 (2016).13. Zahedi, S.A. and Babitsky, V. Autoresonant excitationand control of parametric vibration", NOCConference, Budapest (2017).14. Bkak, L., Noga, S., and Stachowicz, F. Modellingand numerical simulation of parametric resonance phenomenonin vibrating screen", Vibrations in PhysicalSystems, 27 (2016).15. Kazemnia, M., Zahedi, S.A., Vaezi, M., et al. Assessmentof modi_ed variational iteration method in BVPshigh-order di_erential equations", Journal of AppliedSciences, 8(22), pp. 4192{4197 (2008).16. Zahedi, S.A., Demiral, M., Roy, A., et al. FE/SPHmodelling of orthogonal micro-machining of f.c.c. singlecrystal", Computational Materials Science, 78, pp.104{109 (2013).17. Turkyilmazoglu, M. An optimal variational iterationmethod", Applied Mathematics Letters, 24, pp. 762{765 (2011).18. Kazeminia, M., Soleimani-Amiri, S., and Zahedi, S.A.Exact and numerical solutions for nonlinear higherorder modi_ed KdV equations by using variationaliteration method", Advanced Studies in TheoreticalPhysics, 4(9), pp. 437{447 (2010).19. Zahedi, S.A., Goodarzian, H., and Okazi, M. An investigationon two-dimensional non-linear wave equationusing VIM", Indian Journal of Science and Technology,3(9) (2010).20. Fazeli, M., Zahedi, S.A., and Tolou, N. Explicit solutionof nonlinear fourth-order parabolic equations viahomotopy perturbation method", Journal of AppliedSciences, 8, pp. 2619{2624 (2008).21. Gupta, P.K., Singh, M., and Yildirim, A.Approximate analytical solution of the timefractionalCamassa-Holm, modi_ed Camassa-Holm,and Degasperis-Procesi equations by homotopyperturbation method", Scientia Iranica, 23(1), pp.155{165 (2016).22. Fereidoon, A., Zahedi, S.A., Ganji, D.D., and Rostamiyan,Y. Homotopy Perturbation method to solvingnonlinear WBK equations", Far East Journal ofDynamical Systems, 10(2), pp. 239{254 (2008).23. Khatami, I. and Zahedi, M. Nonlinear vibration analysisof axially moving string", SN Applied Sciences,1(12), pp. 1668{1698 (2019).24. Turkyilmazoglu, M. An e_ective approach for evaluationof the optimal convergence control parameter inthe homotopy analysis method", Filomat, 30(6), pp.1633{1650 (2016).25. Turkyilmazoglu, M. Approximate analytical solutionof the nonlinear system of di_erential equations havingasymptotically stable equilibrium", Filomat, 31(9),pp. 2633{2641 (2017).26. Zahedi, S.A., Fazeli, M., and Tolou, N. Analyticalsolution of time-dependent non-linear partial di_erentialequations using HAM, HPM and VIM", Journalof Applied Sciences, 8(16), pp. 2888{2894 (2008).27. Khatami, I., Zahedi, M., and Zahedi, E. E_cientsolution of nonlinear Du_ng oscillator", Journal ofApplied and Computational Mechanics, 6(2), pp. 219{234 (2020).28. Khatami, I., Pashai, M.H., and Tolou, N. Comparativevibration analysis of a parametrically nonlinearexcited oscillator using HPM and numerical method",Mathematical Problems in Engineering, 2008, ArticleID 956170 (2008).29. Roy, P.K., Das, A., Mondal, H., et al. Applicationof homotopy perturbation method for a conductiveconvective_n with temperature dependent thermalconductivity and surface emissivity", Ain Shams EngineeringJournal, 6, pp. 1001{1008 (2015).30. Turkyilmazoglu, M. Is homotopy perturbationmethod the traditional Taylor series expansion",Hacettepe Journal of Mathematics and Statistics,44(3), pp. 651{665 (2015).1244 M. Zahedi et al./Scientia Iranica, Transactions B: Mechanical Engineering 28 (2021) 1236{124431. Roy, P.K. and Mallick, A. Thermal analysis ofstraight rectangular _n using homotopy perturbationmethod", Alexzandria Engineering Journals, 55, pp.2269{2277 (2016).
2
ORIGINAL_ARTICLE
Optimized age dependent clustering algorithm for prognosis: A case study on gas turbines
This paper proposes an Age Dependent Clustering (ADC) structure to be used for prognostics. To achieve this aim, a step-by-step methodology is introduced, that includes clustering, reproduction, mapping and finally estimation of Remaining Useful Life (RUL). In the mapping step, neural fitting tool is used. Considering age based clustering concept, determination of main elements of the ADC model is discussed. Genetic algorithm (GA) is used to find the elements of the optimal model. Lastly, fuzzy technique is applied to modify the clustering. The efficacy of the proposed method is demonstrated with a case study on the health monitoring of some turbofan engines. The results show that the concept of clustering even without optimization processes is efficient even for the simplest form of performance. However, by optimizing structure elements and fuzzy clustering, the prognosis accuracy increases up to 71%. The effectiveness of age dependent clustering in prognosis is proven in comparison with other methods.
http://scientiairanica.sharif.edu/article_22108_4dbac8372767bf1cfcd5eb24eeaba242.pdf
2021-06-01
1245
1258
10.24200/sci.2020.53863.3459
Age dependent classification
Health monitoring
Prognosis
Genetic Algorithm
A.
Mahmoodian
mahmoodian@mech.sharif.ir
1
Department of Mechanical Engineering, Sharif University of Technology, Tehran, P.O. Box 11155-9567, Iran
AUTHOR
M.
Durali
durali@sharif.edu
2
Department of Mechanical Engineering, Sharif University of Technology, Tehran, P.O. Box 11155-9567, Iran
LEAD_AUTHOR
T.
Abbasian Najafabadi
najafabadi@ut.ac.ir
3
Faculty of ECE, Tehran University, Tehran, P.O. Box 14395-515, Iran
AUTHOR
M.
Saadat Foumani
m_saadat@sharif.edu
4
Department of Mechanical Engineering, Sharif University of Technology, Tehran, P.O. Box 11155-9567, Iran
AUTHOR
References
1
1. Gao, H., Wang, A., Bai, G., Wei, C., and Fei, C.Substructure-based distributed collaborative probabilisticanalysis method for low-cycle fatigue damageassessment of turbine blade-disk", Aerospace Scienceand Technology, 1(79), pp. 636{46 (2018).2. Tahir, M., Aslam, M., Hussain, Z., Abid, M., andHaider Bhatti, S. Bayesian analysis of heterogeneousdoubly censored lifetime data using the 3-componentmixture of Rayleigh distributions: A Monte Carlosimulation study", Scientia Iranica, Transactions onIndustrial Engineering (E), 26, pp. 1789{1808 (2018).3. Ding, S., Wang, Z., Qiu, T., Zhang, G., Li, G.,and Zhou, Y. Probabilistic failure risk assessmentfor aeroengine disks considering a transient process",Aerospace Science and Technology, 1(78), pp. 696{707(2018).4. Amezquita-Sanchez, J.P. and Adeli, H. Feature extractionand classication techniques for health monitoringof structures", Scientia Iranica, TransactionsA, Civil Engineering, 22(6), pp. 1931{1940 (2015).5. Jardine, A.K., Lin, D., and Banjevic, D. A reiew onmachinery diagnostics and prognostics implementingcondition-based maintenance", Mechanical Systemsand Signal Processing, 20(7), pp. 1483{1510 (2006).6. Saxena, A., Goebel, K., Simon, D., and Eklund, N.Damage propagation modeling for aircraft enginerun-to-failure simulation", In Prognostics and HealthManagement, PHM 2008, International Conference,pp. 1{9 (2008).7. Amezquita-Sanchez, J.P. and Adeli, H. Optimal tunerselection using Kalman lter for a real-time modulargas turbine model", Transaction A, Civil Engineering,22(6), p. 1940 (2015).8. Zhao, W. A probabilistic approach for prognosticsof complex rotary machinery systems", PhD Thesis,University of Cincinnati (2015).9. Vachtsevanos, G., Wang, P., and Khiripet, N.Prognostication: algorithms and performance assessmentmethodologies", In ATP Fall National MeetingCondition-Based Maintenance Workshop, pp. 15{17,San Jose, California (1999).10. Li, L.L., Ma, D.J., and Li, Z.G. Residual usefullife estimation by a data-driven similarity-based approach",Quality and Reliability Engineering International,
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33(2), pp. 231{9 (2017).11. Baraldi, P., Compare, M., Sauco, S., and Zio, E.Ensemble neural network-based particle ltering forprognostics", Mechanical Systems and Signal Processing,41(1), pp. 288{300 (2013).1256 A. Mahmoodian et al./Scientia Iranica, Transactions B: Mechanical Engineering 28 (2021) 1245{125812. Javed, K., Gouriveau, R., and Zerhouni, N. SWELM:
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A summation wavelet extreme learning machinealgorithm with a priori parameter initialization", Neurocomputing,10(123), pp. 299{307 (2014).13. Xu, J., Wang, Y., and Xu, L. PHM-oriented integratedfusion prognostics for aircraft engines based onsensor data", IEEE Sensors Journal, 14(4), pp. 1124{1132 (2014).14. Yu, J. Aircraft engine health prognostics based onlogistic regression with penalization regularization andstate-space-based degradation framework", AerospaceScience and Technology, 68, pp. 345{361 (2017).15. Simon, D. A comparison of ltering approaches foraircraft engine health estimation", Aerospace Scienceand Technology, 12(4), pp. 276{84 (2008).16. Lu, F., Ju, H., and Huang, J. An improved extendedKalman lter with inequality constraints for gas turbineengine health monitoring", Aerospace Science andTechnology, 58, pp. 36{47 (2016).17. Son, J., Zhou, S., Sankavaram, C., Du, X., and Zhang,Y. Remaining useful life prediction based on noisycondition monitoring signals using constrained Kalmanlter", Reliability Engineering & System Safety, 152,pp. 38{50 (2016).18. Zhou, D., Wu, Y., Gao, F., Breaz, E., Ravey, A.,and Miraoui, A. Degrad icle lter approach", IEEE Transactions onIndustry Applications, 53(4), pp. 4041{4052 (2017).19. Ahsan, S., Lemma, T.A., and Muhammad, M. Prognosisof gas turbine remaining useful life using particlelter approach", Mate-rialwissenschaft und Werkstotechnik, 50(3), pp. 336{345 (2019).20. Tahan, M., Tsoutsanis, E., Muhammad, M., andKarim, Z.A. Performance-based health monitoring,diagnostics and prognostics for condition-based maintenanceof gas turbines: A review", Applied Energy,15, pp. 122{144 (2017).21. Ragab, A., Yacout, S., Ouali, M.S., and Osman, H.Pattern-based prognostic methodology for onditionbasedmaintenance using selected and weighted survivalcurves", Quality and Reliability Engineering International,33(8), pp. 1753{1772 (2017).22. Losi, E., Venturini, M., and Manservigi, L. Gasturbine health state prognostics by means of Bayesianhierarchical models", Journal of Engineering for GasTurbines and Power, 1, pp. 141{148 (2019).23. Moghaddass, R. and Zuo, M.J. An integrated frameworkfor online diagnostic and prognostic health monitoringusing a multistate deterioration process", ReliabilityEngineering & System Safety, 124, pp. 92{104(2014).24. Huang, C.C. and Yuan, J. A two-stage preventivemaintenance policy for a multi-state deterioration system",Reliability Engineering & System Safety, 95(11),pp. 1255{1260 (2010).25. Soro, I.W., Nourelfath, M., and At-Kadi, D. Performanceevaluation of multi-state degraded systemswith minimal repairs and imperfect preventive maintenance",Reliability Engineering & System Safety,95(2), pp. 65{69 (2010).26. Dong, M. and He, D. Hidden semi-Markov modelbasedmethodology for multi-sensor equipment healthdiagnosis and prognosis", European Journal of OperationalResarch, 178(3), pp. 858{878 (2007).27. Nguyen, K.T., Fouladirad, M., and Grall A. Modelselection for degradation modeling and prognosis withhealth monitoring data", Reliability Engineering &System Safety, 169, pp. 10{16 (2018).28. De Giorgi, M.G., Ficarella, A., and De Carlo, L.Jet engine degradation prognostic using articialneural networks", Aircraft Engineering and AerospaceTechnology, 92(3), pp. 296{303 (2019).29. Lu, F., Wu, J., Huang, J., and Qiu, X. Aircraft enginedegradation prognostics based on logistic regressionand novel OS-ELM algorithm", Aerospace Science andTechnology, 84, pp. 661{671 (2019).30. M ul Hassan, M., Danish, F., Yousuf, W.B., andKhan, T.M. Comparison of dierent life distributionschemes for prediction of crack propagation in anaircraft wing", Engineering Failure Analysis, 1(96),pp. 241{254 (2019).31. Huang, H.Z., Wang, H.K., Li, Y.F., Zhang, L., and
4
Liu, Z. Support vector machine based estimationof remaining useful life: current research status andfuture trends", Journal of Mechanical Science andTechnology, 29(1), pp. 151{163 (2015).32. Goebel, K., Saha, B., and Saxena, A. A comparisonof three data-driven techniques for prognostics", In62nd Meeting of the Society for Machinery FailurePrevention Technology (mfpt), pp. 119{131 (2008).33. Razavi, S.A., Najafabadi, T.A., and Mahmoodian, A.A prognosis methodology based on enhanced lolimot
5
algorithm using historical data", In 2019 Prognosticsand System Health Management Conference (PHMParis),pp. 35{38 (2019).34. Zarandi, M.F., Faraji, M.R., and Karbasian, M. Anexponential cluster validity index for fuzzy clusteringwith crisp and fuzzy data", Scientia Iranica, TransactionsE, Industrial Engineering, 17(2), pp. 90{95(2010).35. Saxena, A. and Goebel, K. C-MAPSS data set, NASAAmes prognostics data repository", last retrieved fromhttp://ti.arc.nasa.gov/project/ prognostic-d atarepository,
6
NASA Ames, Moett Field, CA (2008).A. Mahmoodian et al./Scientia Iranica, Transactions B: Mechanical Engineering 28 (2021) 1245{1258 125736. Ramasso, E. and Saxena, A. Review and analysisof algorithmic approaches developed for prognosticson CMAPSS dataset", In Annual Conference of thePrognostics and Health Management Society, pp. 128{134 (2014).37. Rezvani, K., Maia, N.M., and Sabour, M.H. Acomparison of some methods for structural damage detection",Scientia Iranica, Transactions B, MechanicalEngineering, 25(3), pp. 1312{1322 (2018).38. Javed, K., Gouriveau, R., Zemouri, R., and Zerhouni,N. Features selection procedure for prognostics: Anapproach based on predictability", Reliability Engineering
7
& System Safety, 15, pp. 165{175 (2017).39. Le Son, K., Fouladirad, M., Barros, A., Levrat, E.,and Iung, B. Remaining useful life estimation basedon stochastic deterioration models: A comparativestudy", Reliability Engineering & System Safety, 12,pp. 165{175 (2013).
8
40. Mohammadi, E. and Montazeri-Gh, M. Simulation offull and part-load performance deterioration of industrialtwo-shaft gas turbine", Journal of Engineering forGas Turbines and Power, 136(9), pp. 602{609 (2014).41. Li, Y.G. and Nilkitsaranont, P. Gas turbine performanceprognostic for condition-based maintenance",Applied Energy, 86(10), pp. 2152{2161 (2009).42. Diallo, O.N. A data analytics approach to gas turbineprognostics and health management", Doctoral dissertation,Georgia Institute of Technology (2010).43. Su, Y., Tao, F., Jin, J., Wang, T., Wang, Q., andWang, L. Failure prognosis of complex equipmentwith multistream deep recurrent neural network",Journal of Computing and Information Science inEngineering, 20(2) (2020).44. Mahmoodian, A., Durali, M., and Saadat, M. Investigatingdierent structures for mapping sensor informationof a complex mechanical system to its healthstatus", Proceedings of the 26th ISME Conference, pp.110{114 (2018).45. Ramasso, E. Investigating computational geometryfor failure prognostics", International Journal of Prognosticsand Health Management, 5(1), pp. 165{178(2014).46. Javed, K., Gouriveau, R., and Zerhouni, N. Novel failureprognostics approach with dynamic thresholds formachine degradation", Industrial Electronics Society,IECON 2013-39th Annual Conference of the IEEE, pp.4404{4409 (2013).47. Saxena, A., Celaya, J., Balaban, E., Goebel, K.,Saha, B., Saha, S., and Schwabacher, M. Metricsfor evaluating performance of prognostic techniquesin prognostics and health management", PHM 2008,International Conference, pp. 1{17 (2008).48. Mahmoodian, A., Durali, M., and Saadat, M. A novelprognostic model of performance degradation based onfusion of current and historical predictions (FCHP)",Proceedings of the 6th GTC Conference, pp. 210{212(2018).49. Vazirizade, M., Bakhshi, A., and Bahar, O. Onlinenonlinear structural damage detection using HilbertHuang transform and articial neural networks",Scientia Iranica, Transactions A, Civil Engineering,26(3), pp. 180{188 (2019).50. Zarandi, M.F., Faraji, M.R., and Karbasian, M. Anexponential cluster validity index for fuzzy clusteringwith crisp and fuzzy data", Scientia Iranica, TransactionsE, Industrial Engineering, 17(2), pp. 54{69(2010).51. Ramasso, E., Rombaut, M., and Zerhouni, N. Jointprediction of observations and states in time-series:a partially supervised prognostics approach based onbelief functions and knn. Networks", InternationalConference on PHM, pp. 11{17 (2013).52. Khelif, R., Malinowski, S., Chebel-Morello, B., andZerhouni, N. RUL prediction based on a newsimilarity-instance based approach. In Industrial Electronics(ISIE)", 2014 IEEE 23rd International Symposium,pp. 2463{2468 (2014).
9
ORIGINAL_ARTICLE
Experimental study of air injection effect on a surface to prevent ice formation
In order to prevent the ice-accretion on the airfoil surface, an experimental study was conducted to investigate effect of injecting surrounding air from the surface into the main flow. For this purpose, holes were created at the leading edge of the airfoil. Five parameters of diameter, pitch, angle of position, holes arrangement, and velocity of the outlet flow from the holes were sought. Using principles of experimental design by two-level fractional factorial method, required tests were designed and determined. Conducting tests, the results indicated the injection method significantly reduces weight of ice accreted on the surface. The highest amount of ice mass reduction in experiments reached 85% of the ice mass accreted on the simple airfoil. The diameter and pitch of holes had greatest effect on reducing the mass of ice accreted on the surface, followed by the injection airflow rate and the angle of alignment. Therefore, the injection of air at lower temperature than freezing point is as effective for ice accretion and saves energy rather than using hot-air injection. Moreover, the injected air from holes created a protective layer around the surface, which enhanced the process.
http://scientiairanica.sharif.edu/article_21949_3453911f140e7a1850f5d8418990d7a2.pdf
2021-06-01
1259
1270
10.24200/sci.2020.54174.3628
ice accretion
anti-icing system
icing wind tunnel
holes injection
Design of Experiments
Y.
barzanouni
y.barzanoni@yahoo.com
1
Department of Mechanical Engineering,, Babol Noshirvani University of Technology (NIT), Babol, Mazandaran, 47148-71167, I.R. Iran.
LEAD_AUTHOR
M.
Gorji-Bandpy
gorji@nit.ac.ir
2
Department of Mechanical Engineering,, Babol Noshirvani University of Technology (NIT), Babol, Mazandaran, 47148-71167, I.R. Iran
AUTHOR
H.
Basirat Tabrizi
hbasirat@aut.ac.ir
3
Department of Mechanical Engineering, Amirkabir University of Technology (AUT), Tehran, 15875-4413, I.R. Iran
AUTHOR
References
1
1. Thomas, S.K., Cassoni, R.P., and MacArthur, C.D.Aircraft anti-icing and de-icing techniques and modeling",Journal of Aircraft, 33(5), pp. 841{854 (1996).2. Broeren, A.P., Lee, S., and Clark, C. Aerodynamiceects of anti-icing uids on a thin high-performancewing section", Journal of Aircraft, 53(2), pp. 451{462(2015).3. Hill, E.G. and Zierten, T.A. Aerodynamic eects ofaircraft ground deicing/anti-icing uids", Journal ofAircraft, 30(1), pp. 24{34 (1993).4. Koivisto, P., Soinne, E., and Kivekas, J. Anti-icinguid secondary wave and its role in lift loss duringtakeo", Journal of Aircraft, 55(6), pp. 2298{2306(Nov. 2018).5. Perron, E., Louchez, P.R., and Laforte, J.L. Introductoryanalysis of boundary-layer development onde/anti-icinguid", Journal of Aircraft, 33(1), pp. 74{80 (1996).6. Van Hengst, J. Aerodynamic eects of groundde/anti-icing uids on Fokker 50 and Fokker 100",Journal of Aircraft, 30(1), pp. 35{40 (1993).7. Kohlman, D.L., Schweikhardt, W.G., and Evanich, P.Icing-tunnel tests of a glycol-exuding, porous leadingedgeice protection system", Journal of Aircraft, 19(8),pp. 647{654 (1982).8. Hung, C.-C., Dillehay, M.E., and Stahl, M. A heatermade from graphite composite material for potentialdeicing application", Journal of Aircraft, 24(10), pp.725{730 (1987).9. Petrenko, V.F., Higa, M., Starostin, M., et al. Pulseelectrothermal de-icing", in The Thirteenth InternationalOshore and Polar Engineering Conference,International Society of Oshore and Polar Engineers(2003).10. Petrenko, V.F., Sullivan, C.R., Kozlyuk, V., et al.Pulse electro-thermal de-icer (PETD)", Cold RegionsScience and Technology, 65(1), pp. 70{78 (2011).11. Palacios, J., Smith, E., Rose, J., et al. Instantaneousde-icing of freezer ice via ultrasonic actuation", AIAAJournal, 49(6), pp. 1158{1167 (2011).12. Overmeyer, A., Palacios, J., and Smith, E. Ultrasonicde-icing bondline design and rotor ice testing", AIAAJournal, 51(12), pp. 2965{2976 (2013).13. Zeng, J. and Song, B. Research on experiment andnumerical simulation of ultrasonic de-icing for windturbine blades", Renewable Energy, 113, pp. 706{712(2017).14. Soltis, J., Palacios, J., Eden, T., et al. Ice adhesionmechanisms of erosion-resistant coatings", AIAA Journal,53(3), pp. 654{662 (2014).15. Soltis, J., Palacios, J., Eden, T., et al. Evaluation of
2
ice-adhesion strength on erosion-resistant materials",AIAA Journal, 53(7), pp. 1825{1835 (2014).16. Pommier-Budinger, V., Budinger, M., Rouset, P., etal. Electromechanical resonant ice protection systems:initiation of fractures with piezoelectric actuators",AIAA Journal, 56(11), pp. 4400{4411 (2018).17. Budinger, M., Pommier-Budinger, V., Bennani, L., etal. Electromechanical resonant ice protection systems:analysis of fracture propagation mechanisms", AIAAJournal, 56(11), pp. 4412{4422 (2018).18. Ahn, G.B., Jung, K.Y., Myong, R.S., et al. Numericaland experimental investigation of ice accretion on rotorcraftengine air intake", Journal of Aircraft, 52(3),pp. 903{909 (2015).19. Meng, X., Cai, J., Tian, Y., et al. Experimentalstudy of anti-icing and deicing on a cylinder by DBDplasma actuation", in 47th AIAA Plasmadynamics andLasers Conference, American Institute of Aeronauticsand Astronautics (2016).20. Liu, Y., Kolbakir, C., and Hu, H. A comparisonstudy on AC-DBD plasma and electrical heating foraircraft icing mitigation", in 2018 AIAA AerospaceSciences Meeting, American Institute of Aeronautics
3
and Astronautics (2018).21. Wei, B., Wu, Y., Liang, H., et al. SDBD basedplasma anti-icing: a stream-wise plasma heat knife
4
conguration and criteria energy analysis", InternationalJournal of Heat and Mass Transfer, 138, pp.163-172 (2019).22. Fitt, A.D. and Pope, M.P. De-icing by slot injection",Acta Mechanica, 147(1), pp. 73{86 (2001).
5
23. Tabrizi, A.H. and Keshock, E.G. Modeling of surfaceblowing as an anti-icing technique for aircraft surfaces",Journal of Aircraft, 25(4), pp. 343{348 (1988).24. Tabrizi, A.H. and Johnson, W.S. Surface-blowinganti-icing technique for aircraft surfaces", Journal ofAircraft, 26(4), pp. 354{359 (1989).25. Montgomery, D.C., Design and Analysis of Experiments,Sixth Ed., John Wiley & Sons (2007).26. Han, Y., Palacios, J., and Schmitz, S. Scaled iceaccretion experiments on a rotating wind turbineblade", Journal of Wind Engineering and IndustrialAerodynamics, 109, pp. 55{67 (2012).27. Palacios, J.L., Han, Y., Brouwers, E.W., et al. Icingenvironment rotor test stand liquid water content1270 Y. Barzanouni et al./Scientia Iranica, Transactions B: Mechanical Engineering 28 (2021) 1259{1270measurement procedures and ice shape correlation",Journal of the American Helicopter Society, 57(2), pp.29{40 (2012).28. Tsao, J.-C., Vargas, M., and Kreeger, R. Experimentalevaluation of stagnation point collection eciencyof the NACA 0012 swept wing tip", in 1st AIAA Atmosphericand Space Environments Conference (2010).29. IDE, R. Liquid water content and droplet size calibrationof the NASA Lewis icing research tunnel", in28th Aerospace Sciences Meeting (1990).30. Ide, R. and Oldenburg, J. Icing cloud calibrationof the NASA Glenn icing research Tunnel", in 39thAerospace Sciences Meeting and Exhibit (2001).31. Ide, R.F. and Sheldon, D.W. 2006 Icing Cloud Calibrationof the NASA Glenn Icing Research Tunnel, NationalAeronautics and Space Administration (2008).32. Minitab, L. Designing an experiment", Availablefrom: https://support.minitab.com/en-us/minitab/18/getting-started/designing-an-experiment/ (2019).
6
ORIGINAL_ARTICLE
Anisotropic finite element modelling of traumatic brain injury: A voxel-based approach
A computationally efficient 3D human head finite element model was constructed. The model includes the mesoscale geometrical details of the brain including the distinction between white and grey matter, sulci and gyri, ventricular system, foramen magnum, and the cerebrospinal fluid. We incorporate the heterogeneity and anisotropy from diffusion tensor imaging data by applying a one-to-one voxel-based correspondence between diffusion voxels and finite elements. The voxel resolution of the model was optimized to obtain a trade-off between reduced computational cost and higher geometrical details. Three sets of constitutive material properties were extracted from the literature to validate the model against intra-cranial pressure and relative motion test data within the brain. The model exhibited good agreement at pressure tests in frontal and occipital lobes with peak pressure magnitudes of only 8% and 6% higher which occurred 0.5-3 ms earlier than those of the experimental curves at coup and countercoup sites, respectively. In addition, the evaluation of the relative displacement at six locations within the brain indicated acceptable agreement with experimental data, with our model’s performance exhibiting the highest overall score compared to several previous models by using the correlation and analysis rating method.
http://scientiairanica.sharif.edu/article_22054_09b6abc58042887c4ea098753b88bee2.pdf
2021-06-01
1271
1283
10.24200/sci.2020.54280.3685
3D head model
Traumatic Brain Injury
Finite Element
anisotropy
Heterogeneity
H.
Hoursan
hesam.hoursan74@student.sharif.edu
1
Department of Mechanical Engineering, Sharif University of Technology, Tehran, Iran
AUTHOR
F.
Farahmand
farahmand@sharif.edu
2
- Department of Mechanical Engineering, Sharif University of Technology, Tehran, Iran. - RCBTR, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
AUTHOR
M. T.
Ahmadian
ahmadian@sharif.edu
3
Department of Mechanical Engineering, Sharif University of Technology, Tehran, Iran
LEAD_AUTHOR
S.
Masjoodi
sadeghmasjoodi@gmail.com
4
Department of Medical Physics and Biomedical Engineering, School of Medicine, Tehran University of Medical Sciences (TUMS),Tehran, Iran
AUTHOR
References
1
1. Galgano, M., Toshkezi, G., Qiu, X., Russell, T.,Chin, L., and Zhao, L.R. Traumatic brain injury:Current treatment strategies and future endeavors",H. Hoursan et al./Scientia Iranica, Transactions B: Mechanical Engineering 28 (2021) 1271{1283 1281Cell Transplantation, 26(7), pp. 1118|1130 (2017).DOI:10.1177/09636897177141022. Nahum, A.M., Smith, R., and Ward, C.C. Intracranialpressure dynamics during head impact", SAETechnical Paper (1977).
2
3. Hardy, W., Foster, C., Mason, M., Yang, K., King,A., and Tashman, S. Investigation of head injurymechanisms using neutral density technology and highspeedbiplanar X-ray", Stapp Car Crash J., 45, pp.337{368 (2001).4. Hardy, W., Mason, M., Foster, C., Shah, C., Kopacz,J., Yang, K., King, A., Bishop, J., Bey, M., Anderst,W., and Tashman, S. Study of the response of thehuman cadaver head to impact", Stapp Car Crash J.,51, pp. 17{80 (2007).5. Miller, L.E., Urban, J., and Stitzel, J.D. An anatomicallyaccurate nite element brain model: development,validation and comparison to existing models"(2016).6. Zhang, L.Y., Yang, K.H., and King, A.I. A proposedinjury threshold for introduction mild traumatic braininjury", J. Biomech. Eng., 126, pp. 226{236 (2004).7. Mao, H., Zhang, L., Yang, K.H., and King, A.I.Application of a nite element model of the brain tostudy traumatic brain injury mechanisms in the rat",Stapp Car Crash J., 50, pp. 583{600 (2006).8. Kleiven, S. Predictors for traumatic brain injuriesevaluated through accident reconstructions", StappCar Crash J., 51, pp. 81{114 (2007).9. Takhounts, E., Hasija, V., Ridella, S., et al. Investigationof traumatic brain injury using the nextgeneration of simulated injury monitor (simon) niteelement head model", Stapp Car Crash J., 52, pp. 1{32(2008).10. Hoursan, H., Ahmadian, M.T., and Naghibi Beidokhti,H. Modelling and analysis of the eect ofangular velocity and acceleration on brain strain eldin traumatic brain injury", ASME 2013 InternationalMechanical Engineering Congress & ExpositionIMECE2013 (2013).11. Giordano, C., Cloots, R., van Dommelen, J., Kleiven,S., and Geers, M. The inuence of anisotropy on braininjury prediction", J. Biomech., 47, pp. 1052{1059(2014). Doi: 10.1016/j. jbiomech.2013.12.03612. Shaee, A., Ahmadian, M.T., Hoursan, H., and HoviatTalab, M. Eect of linear and rotational accelerationon human brain", Modares Mechanical Engineering,15(7), pp. 248{260 (2015).13. Hoursan, H., Ahmadian, M.T., Kazemiasfeh, R., andBarari, A. On the validity extent of linear viscoelasticmodels of human brain", CSME-SCGM2018 (2018).14. Afshari, J., Haghpanahi, M., Kalantarinejad, R., andRouboa, A. Investigating the eects of impact directionsto improve head injury index", Scientia Iranica,Trans. B, 27(4), pp. 1867{1877 (2019).15. Razaghi, R., Biglari., H., and Karimi, A. Riskof rupture of the cerebral aneurysm in relation totraumatic brain injury using a patient-specic uidstructureinteraction model", Computer Methods andPrograms in Biomedicine, 176, pp. 9{16 (2019). DOI:10.1016/j.cmpb.2019.04.01516. Hajiaghamemar, M., Wu, T., Panzer, M.B., andMargulies, S.S. Embedded axonal ber tracts improvenite element model predictions of traumatic braininjury", Biomech Model Mechanobiol, 19(3), pp. 1109{1130 (2020). DOI: 10.1007/s10237-019-01273-817. Hoursan, H., Farahmand, F., and Ahmadian, M.T.A three-dimensional statistical volume element forhistology informed micromechanical modeling of brainwhite matter", Annals of Biomedical Engineering,48(4), pp. 1337{1353 (2020).18. Leemans, A., Jeurissen, B., Sijbers, J., and Jones, D.K.Explore DTI: A graphical toolbox for processing,analyzing, and visualizing diusion MR data", In 17thAnnual Meeting of Intl Soc. Mag Reson. Med., p. 3537,Hawaii, USA (2009).19. Sepehrband, F., Alexander, C.D., Clark, K.A., Kurniawan,N.D., Yang, Z., and Reutens, D.C. Parametricprobability distribution functions for axon diameters ofcorpus callosum", Front. Neuroanat, 10, p. 59 (2016).20. Velardi, F., Fraternali, F., and Angelillo, M.Anisotropic constitutive equations and experimentaltensile behavior of brain tissue", Biomech. Model.Mechanobiol., 5, pp. 53{61 (2006).21. Rashid, B., Destrade, M., and Gilchrist, M. Mechanicalcharacterization of brain tissue in tension atdynamic strain rates", Journal of the Mechanical Behaviorof Biomedical Materials, 33, pp. 43{54 (2012).10.1016/j.jmbbm.2012.07.01522. Jin, X., Zhu, F., Mao, H., Shen, M.C., and Yang,
3
K.H. A comprehensive experimental study on materialproperties of human brain tissue", Journal ofBiomechanics, 46(16), pp. 2795{801 (2013).23. Budday, S., Sommer, G., Holzapfel, G.A., Steinmann,P., and Kuhl, E. Viscoelastic parameter identicationof human brain tissue", Journal of the MechanicalBehavior of Biomedical Materials, 74, pp. 463{476,ISSN 1751-6161 (2017).24. Giordano, C., Zappala, S., and Kleiven, S.Anisotropic nite element models for brain injuryprediction: the sensitivity of axonal strain to whitematter tract inter-subject variability", Biomechanicsand Modeling in Mechanobiology, 16, pp. 1269{1293(2017). DOI:10.1007/s10237-017-0887-525. Cloots, R.J., van Dommelen, J.A., Nyberg, T.,Kleiven, S., and Geers, M.G. Micromechanics ofdiuse axonal injury: Inuence of axonal orientationand anisotropy", Biomech Model Mechanobiol, 10(3),pp. 413{422 (2011). DOI: 10.1007/s10237-010-0243-5.Epub 2010 Jul 16. PMID: 20635116.1282 H. Hoursan et al./Scientia Iranica, Transactions B: Mechanical Engineering 28 (2021) 1271{1283
4
26. Zhou, Z, Li, X, and Kleiven, S. Biomechanics of acutesubdural hematoma in the elderly: A
5
uid-structureinteraction study", J Neurotrauma, 36(13), pp. 2099{2108 (2019). DOI: 10.1089/neu.2018.6143. Epub 2019Mar 13. PMID: 30717617.27. Fernandes, F., Tchepel, D., Alves de Sousa, R.,and Ptak, M. Development and validation of anew nite element human head model", EngineeringComputations, 35(1), pp. 477{496 (2018).https://doi.org/10.1108/EC-09-2016-032128. Saboori, P. and Sadegh, A. Material modeling of thehead's subarachnoid space", Scientia Iranica, 18(6),pp. 1492{1499, ISSN 1026-3098 (2011).29. Kleiven, S. and von Holst, H. Consequences ofhead size following trauma to the human head", J.Biomech., 35, pp. 153{160 (2002)30. Johnson, H., von Holst, H., and Kleiven, S.Automatic generation and validation of patientspecic nite element head models suitable forcrashworthiness analysis", International Journal ofCrashworthiness, 14(6), pp. 555{563 (2009). DOI:10.1080/1358826090289570831. Karimi, A., Rahmati, S.M., and Razaghi, R.A combination of experimental measurement,constitutive damage model, and diusion tensorimaging to characterize the mechanical propertiesof the human brain", Comput Methods BiomechBiomed Engin., 20(12), pp. 1350-1363(2017).DOI:10.1080/10255842.2017.136269432. Reuter M., Schmansky, N.J., Rosas, H.D., and Fischl,B. Within-subject template estimation for unbiasedlongitudinal image analysis", Neuroimage, 61(4), pp.1402{1418 (2012).33. Holzapfel, G.A., Gasser, T.C., and Ogden, R.W. Anew constitutive framework for arterial wall mechanicsand a comparative study of material models", Journalof Elasticity, 61, pp. 1{48 (2000).34. Carlsen, R.W. and Daphalapurkar, N.P. The importanceof structural anisotropy in computational modelsof traumatic brain injury", Front Neurol., 6(28), pp.6{28 (2015). DOI:10.3389/fneur.2015.0002835. Wright, R.M. and Ramesh, K.T. An axonal straininjury criterion for traumatic brain injury", Biomech.Model. Mechanobiol., 11, pp. 245{260 (2012).36. Hoursan, H., Farahmand, F., and Ahmadian, M.A.Novel procedure for micromechanical characterizationof white matter constituents at various strainrates", Scientia Iranica, Transactions on MechanicalEngineering (B), 27(2), pp. 784{794 (2020). DOI:10.24200/sci.2018.50940.192837. Fung, Y., Biomechanics: Mechanical Properties ofLiving Tissues, Springer-Verlag, New York (1981).38. King, A.I., Yang, K.H., Zhang, L., Hardy, W., andViano, D.C., Is Head Injury Caused by Linear orAngular Acceleration, Bioengineering Center, WayneState University, pp. 1{12 (2003).39. Gehre, C., Gades, H., and Wernicke, P. Objectiverating of signals using test and simulation responses",Pap. Present 21st ESV Conf. (Jun 15, 2009).40. Ji, S., Ghadyani, H., Bolander, R.P., et al. Parametriccomparisons of intracranial mechanical responses fromthree validated nite element models of the humanhead", Ann. Biomed. Eng. Jan., 42(1), pp. 11{24(2014).41. Pearce, C.W. and Young, P.G. On the pressureresponse in the brain due to short durationblunt impacts", PloS One, 9(12), e114292 (2014).DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.011429242. Bhateja, A., Shukla, D., Devi, B.I., and Sastry Kolluri,V. Coup and contrecoup head injuries: Predictorsof outcome", Indian. J. Neurotrauma, 6, pp. 115{118(2009).43. Hoursan, H. and Ahmadian, M.T. Dynamic behaviourof Ox tibial and femoral bones: A comparisonwith human bones", Proceedings of theASME 2015 International Design Engineering TechnicalConferences and Computers and Informationin Engineering Conference, 8, 27th Conferenceon Mechanical Vibration and Noise, Boston,Massachusetts, USA, V008T13A053, ASME (2015).https://doi.org/10.1115/DETC2015-4655544. Newman, J.A., Beusenberg, M.C., Shewchenko, N.,Withnallm, C., and Fournier, E. Verication ofbiomechanical methods employed in a comprehensivestudy of mild traumatic brain injury and the eectivenessof American football helmets", J. Biomech.,38(7), pp. 1469{1481 (2005).45. Johnson, H. and Kleiven, S. Dynamic response of thebrain with vasculature: a three-dimensional computationalstudy", Journal of Biomechanics, 40(13), pp.3006{12 (2007).
6
ORIGINAL_ARTICLE
An experimental investigation of the effect of using non-Newtonian nanofluid-graphene oxide/aqueous solution of sodium carboxymethyl cellulose-on the performance of direct absorption solar collector
To improve the performance of direct absorption solar collectors (DASCs), high photo-thermal potential in nanofluids have always been of interest to researchers. Therefore, the present study mainly aimed to use graphene oxide nanofluids due to their high optical absorption capability and excellent dispersion stability. The novelty of this study is the investigation of the special effects of the optical properties of graphene oxide and the thermal potential of non-Newtonian shear-thinning nanofluids together to improve the photo-thermal conversion performance of the DASC model. For this purpose, Non-Newtonian and Newtonian nanofluids, involving graphene oxide nanoparticles, dispersed in sodium carboxymethyl cellulose and deionized water as base fluid, respectively, were prepared and experimentally tested. The flow rate and weight percentage along with incident radiation have been selected as test parameters for estimating the efficiency of the collector. The results showed that the efficiency improvement by increasing the weight percentage of nanoparticles in both nanofluids. Furthermore, by changing the base fluid from Newtonian to non-Newtonian, the reduction in efficiency at 0.01wt% is by (9.4-15.63) % and at 0.03wt% is by (19.84-26.46) %. Additionally, graphene oxide nanofluid sample (S3) was found appropriate for the designed DASC model due to its optimum efficiency and temperature rise rate.
http://scientiairanica.sharif.edu/article_21878_a6b9616e336573e719237a098bffa4ef.pdf
2021-06-01
1284
1297
10.24200/sci.2020.54994.4024
Non-Newtonian base fluid
Graphene Oxide nanoparticle
Direct Absorption Solar Collector
V.
Sadeghi
v-sadeghi@tabrizu.ac.ir
1
Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Tabriz, Tabriz, Iran
LEAD_AUTHOR
S.
Baheri Islami
baheri@tabrizu.ac.ir
2
Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Tabriz, Tabriz, Iran
AUTHOR
N.
Arsalani
arsalani@tabrizu.ac.ir
3
Research Laboratory of Polymer, Department of Organic and Biochemistry, Faculty of Chemistry, University of Tabriz, Tabriz,Iran
AUTHOR
References
1
1. Modest, M.F., Radiative Heat Transfer, The Universityof California at Merced, 3th Edn, Academic Press is animprint of Elsevier (2013).2. Timofeeva, E.V., Nanouids for Heat Transfer Potentialand Engineering Strategies, Energy SystemsDivision, Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, ILUSA, 19, pp. 435{446 (2011).3. Due, J.A. and Beckman, W.A., Solar Engineering ofThermal Processes, Published by John Wiley & Sons,Inc., Hoboken (2013).4. Li, Z.X. and Khaled, U., Al-Rashed, A.A., Goodarzi,M., Sarafraz, M.M., and Meer, R. Heat transfer evaluationof a micro heat exchanger cooling with sphericalcarbon-acetone nano
2
uid", International Journal ofHeat and Mass Transfer, 149, pp. 119{124 (2020).5. Sheikholeslami, M., Rezaeianjouybari, B., Darzi, M.,Shafee, A., Li, Z., and Nguyen, T.K. Applicationof nano-refrigerant for boiling heat transfer enhancementemploying an experimental study", InternationalJournal of Heat and Mass Transfer, 141, pp. 974{980(2019).6. Elsheikh, A.H., Sharshir, S.W., Mostafa, M.E., Essa,F.A., and Ahmed Ali, M.K. Applications of nano
3
uidsin solar energy: A review of recent advances",Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 82(3), pp.3483{3502 (2018).7. Sharma, K. and Kundan, L. Nanouid BasedConcentratingParabolic Solar Collector (NBCPSC): Anew alternative", International Journal of Research inMechanical Engineering & Technology, 4(2), pp. 146{152 (2014).8. Xuan, Y. and Li, Q. Heat transfer enhancement ofnanouids", International Journal of Heat and FluidFlow, 21(1), pp. 58{6 (2000).9. Standard, A. Standard tables for reference solarspectral irradiances: Direct normal and hemisphericalon 37 tilted surface", Amer. Society for Testing Matls.,West Conshocken PA, USA, G173 (2007).10. Mallah, A.R., Mohd Zubir, M.N., Alawi, O.A., Newaz,K.S., and Badry, A.B. Plasmonic nano
4
uids for highphotothermal conversion eciency in direct absorptionsolar collectors: Fundamentals and applications", SolarEnergy Materials and Solar Cells, 201, pp. 1{31(2019).11. Sadeghinezhad, E., Mehrali, M., Saidur, R., Mehrali,Me. Latibari, S.T., Akhiani, A., and Metselaar, H.S.C.A comprehensive review on graphene nanouids:Recent research, development and applications", EnergyConversion and Management, 111, pp. 466{487(2016).1296 V. Sadeghi et al./Scientia Iranica, Transactions B: Mechanical Engineering 28 (2021) 1284{129712. Minardi, J.E. and Chuang, H.N. Performance of ablack" liquid at-plate solar collector", Solar Energy,17, pp. 179{183 (1975).13. Luo, Z., Wang, C., Wei, W., Xiao, G., and Ni,M. Performance improvement of a nanouid solarcollector based on direct absorption collection (DAC)concepts", International Journal of Heat and MassTransfer, 75, pp. 262{271 (2014).14. Liu, J., Ye, Z., Zhang, L., Fang, X., and Zhang, Z.A combined numerical and experimental study ongraphene/ionic liquid nanouid based direct absorptionsolar collector", Solar Energy Materials & SolarCells, 136, pp. 177{186 (2015).15. Vakili, M., Hosseinalipour, S.M., Delfani, S., Khosrojerdi,S., and Karami, M. Experimental investigationof graphene nanoplatelets nanouid-based volumetricsolar collector for domestic hot water systems", SolarEnergy, 131, pp. 119{130 (2016).16. Vakili, M., Hosseinalipour, S.M., Delfani, S., andKhosrojerdi, S. Photo- thermal properties of graphenenanoplatelets nanouid for low-temperature direct absorptionsolar collectors", Solar Energy Materials &Solar Cells, 152, pp. 187{191 (2016).17. Khosrojerdi, S., Lavasani, A.M., and Vakili, M. Experimentalstudy of photo-thermal specications andstability of graphene oxide nanoplatelets nanouid asworking uid for low-temperature Direct AbsorptionSolar Collectors (DASCs)", Solar Energy Materials &Solar Cells, 164, pp. 32{39 (2017).18. Chen, L., Liu, J., Fang, X., and Zhang, Z. Reducedgraphene oxide dispersed nanouids with improvedphoto-thermal conversion performance for direct absorptionsolar collectors", Solar Energy Materials &Solar Cells, 163, pp. 125{133 (2017).19. Ma, X., Liua, Y., Liua, H., Zhanga, L., Xua, B.,and Xiaob, F. Fabrication of novel slurry containinggraphene oxide-modied microencapsulated phasechange material for direct absorption solar collector",Solar Energy Materials and Solar Cells, 188, pp. 73{80(2018).20. Campos, C., Vasco, D., Angulo, C., Burdiles, P.A.,Cardemilc, J., and Palzaa, H. About the relevanceof particle shape and graphene oxide on the behaviorof direct absorption solar collectors using metal basednano
5
uids under dierent radiation intensities", EnergyConversion and Management, 181, pp. 247{257(2019).21. Xu, X., Xu, C., Liu, J., Fang, X., and Zhang,Z. A direct absorption solar collector based on awater-ethylene glycol based nanouid with anti-freezeproperty and ecellent dispersion stability", RenewableEnergy, 133, pp. 760{769 (2019).22. Gorji, T.B. and Ranjbar, A.A. A review on opticalproperties and application of nanouids in directabsorption solar collectors (DASCs)", Renewable andSustainable Energy Reviews, 72, pp. 10{32 (2017).23. Wang, D., Jia, Y., He, Y., Wang, L., Fan, J., Xie,H., and Yu, W. Enhanced photo thermal conversionproperties of magnetic nanouids through rotatingmagnetic eld for direct absorption solar collector",Journal of Colloid and Interface Science, 557, pp. 266{275 (2019).24. Wang, D., Jia, Y., He, Y., Wang, L., Xie, H., andYu, W. Photo thermal eciency enhancement of ananouid-based direct absorption solar collector utilizingmagnetic nano-rotor", Energy Conversion andManagement, 199, p. 111996 (2019).25. Huang, J., Chen, Z., Du, Z., Xu, X., Zhang,Z., and Fang, X. A highly stable hydroxylatedgraphene/ethylene glycol-water nanouid with excellentextinction property at a low loading for direct absorptionsolar collectors", Thermochimica Acta, 684,p. 178487 (2020).26. Sharaf, O.Z., Rizk, N., Joshi, C.P., Jaoude, M.A., Al-Khateeb, A.N., Kyritsis, D.C., Abu-Nada, E., andMartinc, M.N. Ultrastable plasmonic nanouids inoptimized direct absorption solar collectors", EnergyConversion and Management, 199, p. 112010 (2019).27. Hazra, S.K., Ghosh, S., and Nandi, T.K. Photothermalconversion characteristics of carbon blackethyleneglycol nanouids for applications in directabsorption solar collectors", Applied Thermal Engineering,163, p. 114402 (2019).28. Wang, K., He, Y., Kan, A., Yu, W., Wang, D., Zhang,L., Zhu, G., Xie, H., and She, X. Signicant photothermal conversion enhancement of nanouids inducedby Rayleigh-Benard convection for direct absorptionsolar collectors", Applied Energy, 254, p. 113706(2019).29. Delfani, S., Esmaeili, M., and Karami, M. Applicationof articial neural network for performance predictionof a nanouid-based direct absorption solar collector",Sustainable Energy Technologies and Assessments, 36,p. 100559 (2019).30. Wang, Z., Qu, J., Zhang, R., Han, X., and Wu, J.Photo-thermal performance evaluation on MWCNTsdispersedmicroencapsulated PCM slurries for directabsorption solar collectors", Journal of Energy Storage,26, p. 100793 (2019).31. Li, B., Lin, Y., Zhu, L., and Zhang, W. Eects of non-Newtonian behavior on the thermal performance ofnanouids in a horizontal channel with discrete regionsof heating and cooling", Applied Thermal Engineering,94, pp. 404{412 (2015).32. Hojjat, M., Etemad, S.Gh., Bagheri, R., and Thibault,J. Thermal conductivity of non-Newtonian nanouids:Experimental data and modeling using neuralnetwork", International Journal of Heat and MassTransfer, 54(6), pp. 1017{1023 (2011).33. Pimenta, T.A. and Campos, J.B.L.M. Heat transfercoecients from Newtonian and non-Newtonian uidsowing in laminar regime in a helical coil", InternationalJournal of Heat and Mass Transfer, 58(2), pp.676{690 (2013).V. Sadeghi et al./Scientia Iranica, Transactions B: Mechanical Engineering 28 (2021) 1284{1297 129734. Shari Asl, M., Toghraei, D.A., and Azimian, R.Numerical investigation on heat transfer coecientenhancement of non-Newtonian nanouid in the turbulentow inside a tube", Indian J. Sci. Res., 1(2),pp. 363{369 (2014).35. Akbari, O.A., Toghraie, D., Karimipourc, A.,Marzband, A., and Ahmadi, Gh.R. The eect ofvelocity and dimension of solid nanoparticles on heattransfer in non-Newtonian nanouid", Physica E, 86,pp. 68{75 (2017).36. Shamsi, M.R., Ali Akbari, O., Marzban, A., Toghraie,D., and Mashayekhi, R. Increasing heat transfer ofnon-Newtonian nanouid in rectangular microchannelwith triangular ribs", Physica E, 93, pp. 167{178(2017).37. Shahsavani, E., Afrand, M., and Kalbasi, R. Usingexperimental data to estimate the heat transferand pressure drop of non-Newtonian nanouid owthrough a circular tube: Applicable for use in heatexchangers", Applied Thermal Engineering, 129, pp.1573{1581 (2018).38. Siddiqa, S., Begum, N., Hossain, A., Shoaib, M., andGorla, R.S.R. Radiative heat transfer analysis of non-Newtonian dusty Casson uid ow along a complexwavy surface", Numerical Heat Transfer, Part A:Applications, an International Journal of Computationand Methodology, 73(4), pp. 209{221 (2017).39. Gorji, T.B. and Ranjbar, A.A. A numerical andexperimental investigation on the performance of alow-ux direct absorption solar collector (DASC) usinggraphite, magnetite and silver nanouids", SolarEnergy, 135, pp. 493{505 (2016).40. Moat, R.J. Describing the uncertainties in experimentalresults", Experimental Thermal and FluidScience, 1(1), pp. 3{17 (1988).41. Marcano, D.C., Kosynkin, D.V., Berlin, J.M., Sinitskii,A., Sun, Z., Slesarev, A., Alemany, L.B., Lu,W., and Tour, J.M. Improved synthesis of grapheneoxide", ACS Nano, 4(8), pp. 4806{4814 (2010).42. Tabrizi, A.G., Arsalani, N., Namazi, H., andAhadzadeh, I. Vanadium oxide assisted synthesisof polyaniline nanoarrays on graphene oxide sheetsand its application in super capacitors", Journal ofElectroanalytical Chemistry, 798, pp. 34{41 (2017).43. Chen, H., Ding, Y., and Tan, C. Rheological behaviorof nanouids", New J. Phys., 9(10), pp. 367{367(2007).44. Einstein, A. Correction of my Work: A new determinationof the molecular dimensions", Ann. Phys.,34(3), pp. 591{592 (1911).45. Prasad, A.R., Singh, S., and Nagar, H. A reviewon nanouids: Properties and applications", InternationalJournal of Advance Research and InnovativeIdeas in Education, 3(3), pp. 3185{3209 (2017).46. Noguez, C. Optical properties of isolated and supportedmetal nanoparticles", Optical Materials, 27(7),pp. 1204{1211 (2005).47. Taylor, R.A., Otanicar, T., and Rosengarten, G.Nanouid-based optical lter optimization for PV/Tsystems", Science & Applications, 1(34), pp. 1{7(2012).48. Taylor, R.A., Phelan, P.E., Otanicar, T.P., Adrian,R., and Prasher, R. Nanouid optical property characterization:towards ecient direct absorption solarcollectors", Nanoscale Res Lett, 6(1), p. 225 (2011).49. Struckmann, F. Analysis of at plate solar collector",Project Report MVK 160, Lund, Sweden, Heat andMass Transport (2008).
6
ORIGINAL_ARTICLE
Comparison of the effect of temperature parameter on the functionality of tracking and fixed photovoltaic systems: A case study in Tehran, Iran
The production of energy by renewable energy, including photovoltaic systems, is always dependent on the environmental and geographical parameters at which the system is installed. Temperature is one of the most important environmental parameters affecting the performance of photovoltaic systems. The effect of this parameter on the fixed and tracking photovoltaic system is not the same. The tracking photovoltaic system, because it is exposed to the sun from sunrise to sunset, has a higher temperature at the surface of the panels than the fixed photovoltaic systems. The result obtained from the experiments in this study shows that the temperature-induced efficiency drop in the fixed and tracking photovoltaic systems is more than 7.98% and 10.02%, respectively. According to calculations, the temperature-induced efficiency drop in tracking photovoltaic systems is about 25.55% higher than that of fixed photovoltaic systems. Observations show that this temperature difference is most extent at sunrise and sunset, and as we approach noon this difference is reduced and minimized
http://scientiairanica.sharif.edu/article_21934_c88c9c58de1a966ebc0b6c766e243b3e.pdf
2021-06-01
1298
1305
10.24200/sci.2020.55173.4102
Temperature
Renewable Energy
Photovoltaic system
Efficiency
M.
M. Darian
mahdi.mirzaeimmm@gmail.com
1
Faculty of Mechanical and Energy Engineering, Shahid Beheshti University, A.C., Tehran, Iran
LEAD_AUTHOR
A. M.
Ghorreshi
amir7wed@gmail.com
2
Faculty of Industrial Engineering, Raja University, Ghazvin, Iran
AUTHOR
References
1
1. Bahrami, M., Gavagsaz-Ghoachani, R., Zandi, M.,et al. Hybrid maximum power point tracking algorithm",Renew. Energy, 130, pp. 982{991 (2019).2. Akrami, E., Khazaee, I., and Gholami, A. Comprehensiveanalysis of a multi-generation energy systemby using an energy-exergy methodology for hot water,cooling, power and hydrogen production", Appl.Therm. Eng., 129, pp. 995{1001 (2018).3. Rouholamini, M. and Mohammadian, M. Grid-pricedependentenergy management of a building suppliedby a multisource system integrated with hydrogen",International Journal of Engineering, 29(1), pp. 40{48 (2016).4. Darian, M.M., Ghorreshi, A.M., and Hajatzadeh, M.J.Evaluation of photovoltaic system performance: Acase study in east Azerbaijan, Iran", Iran. J. EnergyEnviron., 11(1), pp. 75{78 (2020).5. Zandi, M., Bahrami, M., Eslami, S., et al. Evaluationand comparison of economic policies to increase distributedgeneration capacity in theIranianhouseholdconsumption sector using photovoltaic systems andRETScreen software", Renew. Energy, 107, pp. 215{222 (2017).6. Kumar, R. and Biswas, A. Techno-economic optimizationof a stand-alone photovoltaic-battery renewableenergy system for low load factor situation- acomparison between optimization algorithms", InternationalJournal of Engineering, 30(10), pp. 1555{1564 (2017).7. Choudhary, P. and Kumar, R. Sustainabilityperspectives- a review for solar photovoltaic trends andgrowth opportunities", J. Clean. Prod., 227, pp. 589{612 (2019).8. Sahin, A.Z., Ayaz, M., Yilbas, B.S., and Al-shara,A. Performance enhancement of solar energy systemsusing nano uids: An updated review", RenewableEnergy, 145, pp. 1126{1148 (2020).9. Jamila, E. and Abdelmjid, S. Physical modelingof a hybrid wind turbine-solar panel system usingsimscape", Int. J. Eng., 27(11), pp. 1767{1776 (2014).10. Santhakumari, M. and Sagar, N. A review of the environmentalfactors degrading the performance of siliconwafer-based photovoltaic modules: Failure detectionmethods and essential mitigation techniques", Renew.Sustain. Energy Rev., 110, pp. 83{100 (2019).11. Maftah, A., Maarou, M., and Maarou, M. Experimentalevaluation of temperature eect of two dierentPV experimental evaluation of temperature eect oftwo dierent PV systems performances under aridclimate", Energy Procedia, 157, pp. 701{708 (2019).12. Salih, S.M., Jabur, Y.K., and Kadhim, L.A. Analysisof temperature eect on a crystalline silicon photovoltaicmodule performance", International Journal ofEngineering, 29(5), pp. 722{727 (2016).13. Rad, A.H., Ghadamian, H., Haghgou, H.R., andSarhaddi, F. Energy and exergy evaluation of multichannelphotovoltaic/thermal hybrid system: Simulationand experiment", International Journal of Engineering,32(11), pp. 1665{1680 (2019).14. Aslan Gholamia, A.S. and Alemrajabib, A.A. Experimentalstudy of self-cleaning property of titaniumdioxide and nanospray coatings in solar applications",Sol. Energy, 157, pp. 559{565 (2017).15. Gholami, A., Khazaee, I., Eslami, S., Zandi, M., andAkrami, E. Experimental investigation of dust deposition
2
eects on photo-voltaic output performance", Sol.Energy, 159, pp. 346{352 (2018).16. Subramaniam, K.N.V. and Murugan, E. Power analysisof non-tracking PV system with low power RTCbased sensor independent solar tracking (SIST) PVsystem", Mater. Today Proc., 5(1), pp. 1076{1081(2018).17. Fathabadi, H. Novel high ecient oine sensorlessdual-axis solar tracker for using in photovoltaic systemsand solar concentrators", Renew. Energy, 95, pp.485{494 (2016).18. Algarn, C.R., Castro, A.O., Naranjo, J.C., Magdalena,U., and Ingeniera, F.D. Dual-axis solartracker for using in photovoltaic systems", InternationalJournal of Renewable Energy Research, 7(1), pp.137{145 (2017).19. Said, Z. and Mehmood, A. Standalone photovoltaic
3
system assessment for major cities of United ArabEmirates based on simulated results", J. Clean. Prod.,142, pp. 2722{2729 (2017).20. Kumar, V. and Kumar, S. Design and developmentof dual axis solar panel tracking system for normalizedperformance enhancement of solar panel", InInternational Conference on Sustainable Computing inScience, Technology & Management (SUSCOM-2019),pp. 212{218 (2019).21. Afanasyeva, S., Bogdanov, D., Breyer, C., and Shell,R.D. Relevance of PV with single-axis tracking forenergy scenarios German Advisory Council on globalchange", Sol. Energy, 173, pp. 173{191 (2018).22. Bahrami, A., Okoye, C.O., and Atikol, U. Technicaland economic assessment of xed, single and dual-2 axis tracking PV panels in low latitude countries",Renew. Energy, 113, pp. 563{579 (2017).23. Dang, B., Cuong, M., and Ancheta, A.C. Energyyields of a GPS-based dual-axis solar tracker and a
4
xed mount PV panel operating in dierent weatherconditions", Journal of Science, Engineering, andTechnology, 56, pp. 43{56 (2018).24. Tseng, K. Eect of the sun elevation for xed PVsystem and single-axis-tracking PV system 1st", 2019IEEE 6th Int. Conf. Ind. Eng. Appl., pp. 805{809(2019).M.M. Darian and A.M. Ghorreshi/Scientia Iranica, Transactions B: Mechanical Engineering 28 (2021) 1298{1305 130525. Smirnov, A.A., Vozmilov, A.G., and Romanov, P.A.Comparison of discrete sun tracking methods forphotovoltaic panels", 2019 Int. Conf. Ind. Eng. Appl.Manuf., pp. 1{5 (2019).26. Eldin, S.A.S., Abd-elhady, M.S., and Kandil, H.A.Feasibility of solar tracking systems for PV panels inhot and cold regions", Renew. Energy, 85, pp. 228{233(2016).27. Simon Heslop, I.M. Comparative analysis of thevariability of xed and tracking photovoltaic systemsSimon", Sol. Energy, 107, pp. 351{364 (2014).28. Sebastijan Seme, D.K. and Srpcic, G. Dual-axisphotovoltaic tracking system-design and experimentalinvestigation", In Energy, 139, pp. 1267{1274 (2017).29. Bashar Hammada, A., Al-Sardeahb, A., Al-Abedd,M., Nijmehb, S., and Al-ghandoor, A. Performanceand economic comparison of xed and tracking photovoltaicsystems in Jordan", Renew. Sustain. EnergyRev., 80, pp. 827{839 (2017).30. PVSyst { Logiciel Photovoltaque" (2019). [Online].Available: www.pvsyst.com.
5
31. King, D.L., Boyson, W.E., and Kratochvil, J.A.,Photovoltaic Array Performance Model (Nov. 2003).32. Sathe, T.M. and Dhoble, A.S. A review on recentadvancements in photovoltaic thermal techniques",Renew. Sustain. Energy Rev., 76, pp. 645{672 (2017).33. Sahota, L. and Tiwari, G.N. Review on series connectedphotovoltaic thermal (PVT) systems: Analyticaland experimental studies", Sol. Energy, 150, pp.96{127 (2017).34. Lamnatou, C. and Chemisana, D. Photovoltaic/thermal (PVT) systems: A review with emphasis onenvironmental issues", Renew. Energy, 105, pp. 270{287 (2016).35. Brahim, T. and Jemni, A. Economical assessmentand applications of photovoltaic/thermal hybrid solartechnology: A review", Sol. Energy, 153, pp. 540{561(2017).36. Aste, N., Del Pero, C., and Leonforte, F. Water PVTcollectors performance comparison", Energy Procedia,105, pp. 961{966 (2017).37. Technical Dat Conergy PE 245P{265P" (2019).[Online]. Available at:https://www.solaris-shop.com/conergy-pe-255p-255w-poly-solar-panel/.
6
ORIGINAL_ARTICLE
Role of movement of walls with time-dependent velocity on flow and mixed convection in vertical cylindrical annulus with suction/injection
The unsteady, viscous flow and mixed convection heat transfer of an incompressible fluid within a vertical concentric cylindrical annulus with time-dependent moving walls are investigated. Fluid is suctioned/injected through the cylinders' walls. Role of movement of the walls on flow and heat transfer inside the vertical annulus is sought. An exact solution of the Navier-Stokes and energy equations is obtained in this problem, for the first time. Here, the transfer of heat is from the hot cylinder walls with constant temperature to the cooler moving fluid. It is interesting to note that the results indicate that the time-dependency of the cylinder walls movement has no effect on the temperature profile. The results also indicate that, compared to other time functions, usage of inverse of time for velocity movement causes significant increase in velocity, stress tensor, and Nusselt number in the vicinity of the moving wall. Also, increasing the mixed convection and suction/injection parameters would increase the Nusselt number and decrease the stress tensor on the inner and outer cylinders no matter what the velocity function is chosen. Therefore, the flow and heat transfer is controllable using the velocity function of the wall movement and change of the other non-dimensional parameters.
http://scientiairanica.sharif.edu/article_21932_f92fb5bd3fa0ced24848ea3510ed70cf.pdf
2021-06-01
1306
1317
10.24200/sci.2020.54784.3917
mixed convection
vertical annulus
time-dependent moving walls
transpiration
exact solution
A.
Shakiba
shakiba7858@gmail.com
1
Department of Mechanical Engineering, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Mashhad, P.O. Box 91775-1111, Iran
AUTHOR
A.
B. Rahimi
rahimiab@yahoo.com
2
Department of Mechanical Engineering, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Mashhad, P.O. Box 91775-1111, Iran
LEAD_AUTHOR
References
1
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Modied Buongiorno's model for fully developedmixed convectionow of nanoflids in a verticalannular pipe", Computers & Fluids, 89, pp. 124{132 (2014).6. Avc, M. and Ayd, O. Mixed convection in a verticalmicroannulus between two concentric microtubes", Journal of Heat Transfer, 131(1), p. 014502 (2009).7. Jha, B.K. and Aina, B. Mathematical modelling and exact solution of steady fully developed mixedconvectionow in a vertical micro-porous-annulus", Afrika Matematika, 26(7{8), pp. 1199{1213 (2015).8. Jha, B.K., Aina, B., and Muhammad, S. Combined effects of suction/injection and wall surface curvatureon natural convectionow in a vertical micro-porous annulus", Thermophysics and Aeromechanics, 22(2),pp. 217{228 (2015).9. Husain, S. and Siddiqui, M.A. Experimental and numerical analysis of transient natural convection ofwater in a high aspect ratio narrow vertical annulus", Progress in Nuclear Energy, 106, pp. 1{10 (2018).10. Husain, S., Siddiqui, M.A., and Khan, S.A. 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Lin, S. and Hsieh, D. Heat transfer togeneralizedCouette ow of a non-Newtonianfluid in annuli with moving inner cylinder", Journal of Heat Transfer,102(4), pp. 786{789 (1980).16. Straord, K.N., Datta, P.K., and Coogan, C., Coatingsand Surface Treatment for Corrosion and Wear Resistance, Published for Institution of Corrosion Scienceand Technology by Ellis Horwood, Market Cross House, Cooper Street, Chichester, West Sussex PO 191 EB, England, 1984. 362 (1984).17. Shigechi, T. and Lee, Y. An analysis on fully developedlaminar flidow and heat transfer in concentric annuli with moving cores", International Journalof Heat and Mass Transfer, 34(10), pp. 2593{2601 (1991).18. Chamkha, A.J. Unsteady MHD convective heat andmass transfer past a semi-innite vertical permeable moving plate with heat absorption", InternationalJournal of Engineering Science, 42(2), pp. 217{230 (2004).19. Abedini, A. and Rahimi, A.B. Numerical study ofmixed convection in an annulus between concentric rotating cylinders with time-dependent angular velocity",Iranian Journal of Science and Technology-Transactions of Mechanical Engineering, 36, pp. 165{ 180 (2012).20. Saleh, R. and Rahimi, A.B. Axisymmetric stagnationpointflow and heat transfer of a viscousuid on a movingcylinder with time-dependent axial velocity and uniform transpiration", Journal of Fluids Engineering,126(6), pp. 997{1005 (2004).21. Jha, B., Joseph, S., and Ajibade, A. Transient freeconvectiveow through a vertical porous annulus", Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers,Part E: Journal of Process Mechanical Engineering,226(2), pp. 105{116 (2012). A. Shakiba and A.B. Rahimi/Scientia Iranica, Transactions B: Mechanical Engineering 28 (2021) 1306{1317 1317 22. Jha, B., Samaila, A., Ajibade, A. Unsteady/steadynatural convectionow of reactive viscousuid in a vertical annulus", International Journal of AppliedMechanics Engineering, 18(1), pp. 73{83 (2013). 23. Shakiba, A. and Rahimi, A.B. Mixed convectiveowof electrically conductinguid in a vertical cylindrical annulus with moving walls adjacent to a radial magneticeld along with transpiration", Journal of Fluids Engineering, 141, pp. 1{11 (2019).24. Busedra, A. and Tavoularis, S. Numerical simulationsof natural convective heat transfer in vertical concentric and eccentric annular channels", Journal of HeatTransfer, 140(10), p. 102502 (2018). 25. Hekmat, M.H. and Ziarati, K.K. Eects of nanoparticlesvolume fraction and magneticeld gradient on the mixed convection of a ferrouid in the annulus betweenvertical concentric cylinders", Applied Thermal Engineering, 152, pp. 844{857 (2019).26. Jha, B. and Oni, M. Natural convectionow in a vertical annulus with time-periodic thermal boundary conditions", Propulsion Power Research, 8(1), pp. 47{ 55 (2019). 27. Jha, B.K. and Malgwi, P.B. Eects of Hall current and magnetic eld inclination on hydromagnetic natural convectionow in a micro-channel with asymmetric thermal boundary condition", Journal of Thermal Science Engineering Applications, 12(3) (2020). 28. Abbas, Z., Mehdi, I., Hasnain, J., and Aly, S. Role of suction/injection on natural convectionow of magnetite Fe3O4 nanoparticles in vertical porous micro-annulus between two concentric tubes: A purely analytical approach", Arabian Journal for Science, 44(9), pp. 8113{8122 (2019). 29. Jha, B.K., Oni, M.O., and Aina, B. Steady fully developed mixed convectionow in a vertical microconcentric- annulus with heat generating/absorbinguid: an exact solution", Ain Shams Engineering Journal, 9(4), pp. 1289{1301 (2018). 30. Wrobel, W., Fornalik-Wajs, E., and Szmyd, J.S. Experimental and numerical analysis of thermo-magnetic convection in a vertical annular enclosure", International Journal of Heat Fluid Flow, 31(6), pp. 1019{ 1031 (2010). 31. Shakiba, A. and Rahimi, A.B. Nanouidow and MHD mixed convection inside a vertical annulus with moving walls and transpiration consideringthe effect of Brownian motion and shape factor", Int. J. of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry, 138, pp. 501{515 (2019). References 1. Wu, T.-H., Xu, Z., and Jackson, J. Mixed convectionheat transfer to waterowing through a verticalpassage of annular cross section: part 2", Chemical Engineering Research and Design, 80(3), pp. 246{251(2002).2. Joshi, H.M. Fully developed natural convection in an isothermal vertical annular duct", InternationalCommunications in Heat and Mass Transfer, 14(6), pp. 657{664 (1987).3. Chen, S., Tolke, J., and Krafczyk, M. Numerical investigationof double-di
2
usive (natural) convection in vertical annuluses with opposing temperature and concentrationgradients", International Journal of Heat and Fluid Flow, 31(2), pp. 217{226 (2010).4. Iannello, V., Suh, K.Y., and Todreas, N.E. Mixed convection friction factors and Nusselt numbers invertical annular and subchannel geometries", International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer, 31(10), pp.2175{2189 (1988).5. Malvandi, A., Moshizi, S., Soltani, E.G., and Ganji, D. Modied Buongiorno's model for fully developedmixed convectionflow of nanofluids in a verticalannular pipe", Computers & Fluids, 89, pp. 124{132 (2014).6. Avc, M. and Ayd, O. Mixed convection in a verticalmicroannulus between two concentric microtubes", Journal of Heat Transfer, 131(1), p. 014502 (2009).7. Jha, B.K. and Aina, B. Mathematical modelling and exact solution of steady fully developed mixedconvection
3
ow in a vertical micro-porous-annulus", Afrika Matematika, 26(7{8), pp. 1199{1213 (2015).8. Jha, B.K., Aina, B., and Muhammad, S. Combined e
4
ects of suction/injection and wall surface curvatureon natural convection
5
ow in a vertical micro-porous annulus", Thermophysics and Aeromechanics, 22(2),pp. 217{228 (2015).9. Husain, S. and Siddiqui, M.A. Experimental and numerical analysis of transient natural convection ofwater in a high aspect ratio narrow vertical annulus", Progress in Nuclear Energy, 106, pp. 1{10 (2018).10. Husain, S., Siddiqui, M.A., and Khan, S.A. E
6
ect of geometrical parameters on natural convection of waterin a narrow annulus", Progress in Nuclear Energy, 112, pp. 146{161 (2019).11. Husain, S. and Siddiqui, M.A. Experimental andnumerical analyses of natural convectionflow in a partially heated vertical annulus", Numerical HeatTransfer, Part A: Applications, 70(7), pp. 763{775(2016). 12. Husain, S. and Siddiqui, M.A. Numerical and experimentalanalysis of natural convectionow boiling of water in internally heated vertical annulus", NumericalHeat Transfer, Part A: Applications, 73(9), pp. 624{ 653 (2018).13. Mustafa, J., Husain, S., and Siddiqui, M.A.J.E.H.T.Experimental studies on natural convection of water in a closed-loop vertical annulus", Experimental HeatTransfer an International Journal, 30(1), pp. 25{45 (2017).14. Huang, S. and Chun, C.H. A numerical study of turbulentflow and conjugate heat transfer in concentric annuli with moving inner rod", International Journalof Heat and Mass Transfer, 46(19), pp. 3707{3716 (2003).15. Lin, S. and Hsieh, D. Heat transfer to generalizedCouetteow of a non-Newtonianuid in annuli with moving inner cylinder", Journal of Heat Transfer,102(4), pp. 786{789 (1980).16. Stra
7
ord, K.N., Datta, P.K., and Coogan, C., Coatingsand Surface Treatment for Corrosion and Wear Resistance, Published for Institution of Corrosion Scienceand Technology by Ellis Horwood, Market Cross House, Cooper Street, Chichester, West Sussex PO 191 EB, England, 1984. 362 (1984).17. Shigechi, T. and Lee, Y. An analysis on fully developedlaminarfluidflow and heat transfer in concentric annuli with moving cores", International Journalof Heat and Mass Transfer, 34(10), pp. 2593{2601 (1991).18. Chamkha, A.J. Unsteady MHD convective heat andmass transfer past a semi-innite vertical permeable moving plate with heat absorption", InternationalJournal of Engineering Science, 42(2), pp. 217{230 (2004).19. Abedini, A. and Rahimi, A.B. Numerical study ofmixed convection in an annulus between concentric rotating cylinders with time-dependent angular velocity",Iranian Journal of Science and Technology-Transactions of Mechanical Engineering, 36, pp. 165{ 180 (2012).20. Saleh, R. and Rahimi, A.B. Axisymmetric stagnationpointow and heat transfer of a viscousuid on a movingcylinder with time-dependent axial velocity and uniform transpiration", Journal of FluidsEngineering,126(6), pp. 997{1005 (2004).21. Jha, B., Joseph, S., and Ajibade, A. Transient freeconvective
8
ow through a vertical porous annulus", Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers,Part E: Journal of Process Mechanical Engineering,226(2), pp. 105{116 (2012). A. Shakiba and A.B. Rahimi/Scientia Iranica, Transactions B: Mechanical Engineering 28 (2021) 1306{1317 1317 22. Jha, B., Samaila, A., Ajibade, A. Unsteady/steadynatural convection
9
ow of reactive viscousuid in a vertical annulus", International Journal of AppliedMechanics Engineering, 18(1), pp. 73{83 (2013). 23. Shakiba, A. and Rahimi, A.B. Mixed convectiveowof electrically conductinguid in a vertical cylindrical annulus with moving walls adjacent to a radial magneticeld along with transpiration", Journal of Fluids Engineering, 141, pp. 1{11 (2019).24. Busedra, A. and Tavoularis, S. Numerical simulationsof natural convective heat transfer in vertical concentric and eccentric annular channels", Journal of HeatTransfer, 140(10), p. 102502 (2018). 25. Hekmat, M.H. and Ziarati, K.K. Eects of nanoparticlesvolume fraction and magnetic eld gradient on the mixed convection of a ferrouid in the annulus betweenvertical concentric cylinders", Applied Thermal Engineering, 152, pp. 844{857 (2019).26. Jha, B. and Oni, M. Natural convectionow in a vertical annulus with time-periodic thermal boundary conditions", Propulsion Power Research, 8(1), pp. 47{ 55 (2019). 27. Jha, B.K. and Malgwi, P.B. E
10
ects of Hall current and magneticeld inclination on hydromagnetic natural convectionow in a micro-channel with asymmetric thermal boundary condition", Journal of Thermal Science Engineering Applications, 12(3) (2020). 28. Abbas, Z., Mehdi, I., Hasnain, J., and Aly, S. Role of suction/injection on natural convectionow of magnetite Fe3O4 nanoparticles in vertical porous micro-annulus between two concentric tubes: A purely analytical approach", Arabian Journal for Science, 44(9), pp. 8113{8122 (2019). 29. Jha, B.K., Oni, M.O., and Aina, B. Steady fully developed mixed convectionow in a vertical microconcentric- annulus withheatgenerating/absorbinguid: an exact solution", Ain Shams Engineering Journal, 9(4), pp. 1289{1301 (2018). 30. Wrobel, W., Fornalik-Wajs, E., and Szmyd, J.S. Experimental and numerical analysis of thermo-magnetic convection in a vertical annular enclosure", International Journal of Heat Fluid Flow, 31(6), pp. 1019{ 1031 (2010). 31. Shakiba, A. and Rahimi, A.B. Nanouidow and MHD mixed convection inside a vertical annulus with moving walls and transpiration considering theffect of Brownian motion and shape factor", Int. J. of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry, 138, pp. 501{515 (2019).
11
ORIGINAL_ARTICLE
A safety navigation method for integrating global path planning and local obstacle avoidance for self-driving cars in a dynamic environment
In this paper，a novel method for obtaining high-quality paths for self-driving cars in underground parking lots is proposed. Self-driving cars require fast and accurate planning of collisionless path. When the self-driving car arrives at the parking lot, the car downloads the layout from the intelligent system of the parking lot and is assigned a parking space, then the location of the designated parking space and the car are provided by the intelligent system. A global path is planned by the global algorithm according to the location of the parking space and the car as well as the layout. If dynamic or unknown obstacles are detected in the process of moving along the global path, the parameters of obstacles can be estimated by the obstacle-detection algorithm. According to obtained parameters, the local obstacle avoidance path can be planned by the behavioral dynamics method. After completing obstacle avoidance, then the car will return to the global path and continue to move toward the target parking space. Finally, the proposed method is simulated by MATLAB, and the results show that the car can safely park in the target parking space. This method simultaneously satisfies the smooth and the real-time requirements of path planning.
http://scientiairanica.sharif.edu/article_22106_35abd556e364e7d30facde427ca7e680.pdf
2021-06-01
1318
1328
10.24200/sci.2020.52417.2704
self-driving car
global path planning
Obstacle Avoidance
uncertain dynamic obstacle
J. K.
Yin
yjk516@163.com
1
- School of Mechanical and Precision Instrument Engineering, Xi'an University of Technology, Xi'an, Shaanxi 710048, China. - College of Applied Engineering, Henan University of Science and Technology, Sanmenxia, Henan, 472000, China
AUTHOR
W. P.
Fu
weipingf@xaut.edu.cn
2
School of Mechanical and Precision Instrument Engineering, Xi'an University of Technology, Xi'an, Shaanxi 710048, China
LEAD_AUTHOR
References
1
1. Li, A.J., Li, S.M., and Li, D.R. On the trajectory planning's key technologies for intelligent vehicle", Mechanical Science and Technology for Aerospace Engineering, 32(7), pp. 1022{1026 (2013). 2. Domokos, K. and G_abor, T. Autonomous path planning for road vehicles in narrow environments: An e_cient continuous curvature approach", Journal of Advanced Transportation, 2017(2), pp. 1{28 (2017). 3. Kim, J.M., Lim, K.I., and Kim, J.H. Auto parking path planning system using modi_ed Reeds-Shepp curve algorithm", 2014 11th International Conference on Ubiquitous Robots and Ambient Intelligence, pp. 311{315 (2014). J.K. Yin and W.P. Fu/Scientia Iranica, Transactions B: Mechanical Engineering 28 (2021) 1318{1328 1327 4. Wang, G.Q., Tsuneo, N., and Akira, F. Time-varying shortest path algorithm with transit time tuning for parking lot navigation", TENCON 2015-2015 IEEE Region 10 Conference, pp. 1{6 (2015). 5. Du, M.B., Mei, T., and Chen, J.J. RRT-based motion planning algorithm for intelligent vehicle in complex environments", ROBOT, 37(4), pp. 443{450 (2015). 6. Dolgov, D., Thrun, S., Montemerlo, M., et al. Path planning for autonomous vehicles in unknown semistructured environments", The International Journal of Robotics Research, 29(5), pp. 485{501 (2010). 7. Elbanhawi, M. and Simic, M. Sampling-based robot motion planning: A review", IEEE Access, 2(1), pp. 56{77 (2014). 8. Likhachev, M. and Ferguson, D. Planning long dynamically-feasible maneuvers for autonomous vehicles", International Journal of Robotics Research (IJRR), 28(8), pp. 933{945 (2009). 9. Kushleyev, A. and Likhachev, M. Time-bounded lattice for e_cient planning in dynamic environments", IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Automation, pp. 1662{1668 (2009). 10. Guo, Q., Zhang, Z., and Xu, Y. Path-planning of automated guided vehicle based on improved Dijkstra algorithm", 29th Chinese Control and Decision Conference (CCDC) (2017). 11. Dong, Y. and Camci, E. Faster RRT-based nonholonomic path planning in 2D building environments using skeleton-constrained path biasing", Journal of intelligent and Robotic Systems, 89(3-4), pp. 387{401 (2018). 12. Otte, M. and Frazzoli, E. RRTX: Asymptotically optimal single-query sampling-based motion planning with quick re-planning", International Journal of Robotics Research, 35(7), pp. 1{35 (2015). 13. Song, X.L., Zhou, N., Huang, Z.Y., et al. An improved RRT algorithm of local path planning for vehicle collision avoidance", Journal of Hunan University (Natural Science), 44(4), pp. 30{37 (2017). 14. Jeon, J.H., Cowlagi, R.V., Peters, S.C., et al. Optimal motion planning with the half-car dynamical model for autonomous high-speed driving", American Control Conference, pp. 188{193 (2013). 15. Ku_ner, J.J. and LaValle, S.M. RRT-connect: An ef- _cient approach to single-query path planning", IEEE International Conference on Robotics & Automation, pp. 995{1001 (2002). 16. Fraichard, T. and Scheuer, A. From Reeds and Shepp's to continuous curvature paths", IEEE Transactions on Robotics, 20(6), pp. 1025{1035 (2004). 17. Lau, B., Sprunk, C., and Burgard, W. Kino dynamic motion planning for mobile robots using splines", IEEE/RSJ International Conference on Intelligent Robots and Systems, pp. 2427{2433 (2009). 18. Amiryan, J. and Jamzad, M. Adaptive motion planning with arti_cial potential _elds using a prior path", The 3rd RSI International Conference on Robotics and Mechatronics, pp. 731{736 (2015). 19. Qureshi, A.H., Iqbal, K.F., Qamar, S.M., et al. Potential guided directional-RRT* for accelerated motion planning in cluttered environments", IEEE International Conference on Mechatronics and Automation, pp. 519{524 (2013). 20. Qureshi, A.H., Mumtaz, S., and Iqbal, K.F. Adaptive potential guided directional-RRT*", The IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Biomimetics (ROBIO), pp. 1887{1892 (2013). 21. Jaillet, L., Ho_man, J., and Berg, J.V.D. EG-RRT: Environment-guided random trees for kinodynamic motion planning with uncertainty and obstacles", IEEE/RSJ International Conference on Intelligent Robots and Systems, pp. 2646{2652 (2011). 22. Sun, L.B., Liu, Y., Sun, J.Z., et al. Path planning model based on mixed perception information", Computer Engineering, 36(10), pp. 32{35 (2010). 23. Lv, W.X., Zhao, L.J., Wang, K., et al. E_cient exploration of unknown environments with RRT-boundary constraint", Hua Zhong Univ. of Sci. and Tech. (Natura Science Edition), 39, pp. 366{369 (2011). 24. Y, S.Q., Fu, W.P., and Li, D.X. Application of dynamic system theory to mobile robot navigation", Mechanical Science and Technology for Aerospace Engineering, 29, pp. 100{104 (2010). 25. Y, S.Q., Fu, W.P., Li, D.X., et al. Research on application of genetic algorithm for intelligent mobile robot navigation based on dynamic approach", IEEE International Conference on Automation and Logistics, pp. 898{902 (2007). 26. Bicho, E., Mallet, P., and Schoner, G. Using attractor dynamics to control autonomous vehicle motion", Proceedings of the 24th Annual Conference of the IEEE Industrial Electronics Societh, pp. 1176{1181 (1998). 27. Fu, W.P., Zhang, P.F., and Yang, S.Q. Behavioral dynamics of mobile robot and rolling windows algorithm to path planning", Computer Engineering and Applications, 45, pp. 212{214 (2009). 28. Wang, W.Y., Fu, W.P., Wei, M.M., et al. Behavior dynamics method for the motion planning of the ende _ector of autonomous manipulator", Journal of Xi'an University of Technology, 32(4), pp. 468{474 (2016). 29. Fu, W.P., Hao, D.P., Yang, S.Q., et al. Study on the navigation method of behavior dynamics in mobile robot", Mechanical Science and Technology for Aerospace Engineering, 32(10), pp. 1488{1491 (2013). 30. Han, G.N., Fu, W.P., Hao, D.P., et al. Study on the motion planning method of intelligent vehicle based on the behavior dynamics", Mechanical Science and Technology for Aerospace Engineering, 34(2), pp. 301{ 306 (2015).1328 J.K. Yin and W.P. Fu/Scientia Iranica, Transactions B: Mechanical Engineering 28 (2021) 1318{1328 31. Han, G.N., Fu, W.P., and Wang, W. The study of intelligent vehicle navigation path based on behavior coordination of particle swarm", Computational Intelligence and Neuroscience, 2016, pp. 1{10 (2016).
2
ORIGINAL_ARTICLE
Cattaneo-Christov heat and mass flux models on time-dependent swirling flow through oscillatory rotating disk
This analysis emphasis on the time invariant impressions of Cattaneo-Christov heat and mass flux theories are implemented to overcome the initial instant disturbances throughout whole medium. The motion of three-dimensional, incompressible, magnetized viscous fluid flow induced by the oscillatory disk. Porous media is used to saturate the rotating disk. Similarity transformations are accomplished to normalize the flow problem. Successive over Relaxation (SOR) technique is implemented to discuss the new findings of normalized non-linear resulting system. It is perceived that increase in porosity parameter results in decrease of oscillatory velocity profiles. The characterization of porous media is useful in geothermal and petroleum reservoirs. Time varying oscillatory curves for concentration and temperature decay for varying concentration and thermal relaxation times parameters, respectively. Moreover, an interesting nature of phase-log shift is also observed in temperature and concentration profiles. Three-dimensional flow features are also labeled for velocity, temperature and concentration fields.
http://scientiairanica.sharif.edu/article_22107_637679b9d395402cee26ea92e4b79ae3.pdf
2021-06-01
1329
1341
10.24200/sci.2020.53248.3139
unsteady flow
Porous medium
magnetohydrodynamics
Cattaneo-Christov theory
numerical solution
Z.
Abbas
za_qau@yahoo.com
1
Department of Mathematics, The Islamia University of Bahawalpur, Bahawalpur, 63100, Pakistan
AUTHOR
A.
Rauf
raufamar@cuisahiwal.edu.pk
2
- Department of Mathematics, The Islamia University of Bahawalpur, Bahawalpur, 63100, Pakistan. - Department of Mathematics, COMSATS University Islamabad, Sahiwal Campus, 57000, Pakistan.
LEAD_AUTHOR
S. A.
Shehzad
sabirali@cuisahiwal.edu.pk
3
Department of Mathematics, COMSATS University Islamabad, Sahiwal Campus, 57000, Pakistan
AUTHOR
M.
Alghamdi
dr.metibalghamdi@gmail.com
4
Department of Mathematics, Faculty of Science, King Khalid University, Abha 61413, Saudi Arabia
AUTHOR
References:
1
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Fluids, 30, p. 063605 (2018). 1340 Z. Abbas et al./Scientia Iranica, Transactions B: Mechanical Engineering 28 (2021) 1329{1341 16. Lok, Y.Y., Merkin, J.H., and Pop, I. Axisymmetric rotational stagnation-point ow impinging on a permeable stretching/shrinking rotating disk", Euro. J. Mech.-B/Fluids, 72, pp. 275{292 (2018). 17. Hayat, T., Khan, M.I., Qayyum, S., Khan, M.I., and Alsaedi, A. Entropy generation for ow of Sisko uid due to rotating disk", J. Mol. Liq., 264, pp. 375{385 (2018). 18. Gholinia, M., Hosseinzadeh, K., Mehrzadi, H., Ganji, D.D., and Ranjbar, A.A. Investigation of MHD Eyring-Powell uid ow over a rotating disk under e_ect of homogeneous-heterogeneous reactions", Case Stud. Therm. Eng., 13, p. 100356 (2018). 19. Liu, Q. and He, Y. Lattice Boltzmann simulations of convection heat transfer in porous media", Phys. A: Stat. Mech. Appl., 465, pp. 742{753 (2017). 20. Jourabian, M., Darzi, A.A.R., Toghraie, D., and Akbari, O.A. 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Numerical simulation of thermal radiative heat transfer e_ects on Fe3O4-Ethylene glycol nanouid EHD ow in a porous enclosure", Sci. Iran., 26(3), pp. 1405{1414 (2018). doi:10.24200/SCI.2018.5567.1348. 26. Darcy, H.R.P.G., Les Fontaines Publiques de la Volle de Dijon, Vector Dalmont. Paris (1856). 27. Attia, H.A. Asymptotic solution for rotating disk ow in porous medium", Mech. Mech. Eng., 14, pp. 119{ 136 (2010). 28. Khan, S.U., Ali, N., and Abbas, Z. Hydromagnetic ow and heat transfer over a porous oscillating stretching surface in a viscoelastic uid with porous medium", Plos One, 10, p. 0144299 (2015). 29. Ali, N., Khan, S.U., Sajid, M., and Abbas, Z. MHD ow and heat transfer of couple stress uid over an oscillatory stretching sheet with heat source/sink in porous medium", Alex. Eng. J., 55, pp. 915{924 (2016). 30. Ali, N., Khan, S.U., Sajid, M., and Abbas, Z. 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2